This video covers the basics of how to create a reference list citation for a webpage using APA citation style.
All citations in the reference list should have a ½” hanging indent. If you aren’t sure how to format a hanging indent, please refer to the handouts in the Alverno Library’s Citation Guide which can be accessed through the library’s homepage.
Begin the citation with the author’s name. When citing authors, spell out the last name, followed by the first and (if present) middle initial. And, do not spell out the first or middle name. Also, do not include the authors’ credentials. With webpages, it is very common not to have an author listed. If there is no author associated with the webpage, begin the citation with the title of the webpage.
The next element in the citation is the date. Avoid simply using the copyright date of the website, instead use the date that the webpage was published, last updated, or revised. If multiple dates are provided, use the most recent date on which the content was changed.
Sometimes the date is difficult to find, so you may need to really look for it. Because the web content changes frequently, it is recommended that you list the entire date if it’s provided. The format for the date in this example is correct. List the year, followed by the month, then day. The date is enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. Do not provide the date that you accessed the webpage. If you are citing a webpage that does not provide a date, use n.d. to indicate no date.
Next is the title, which is not italicized if the webpage that you are citing is part of a larger work. That’s consistent with the APA rule for formatting titles in a reference list. Titles of larger stand-alone works are italicized, but shorter works within are not. When websites consist of multiple webpages, the webpage is considered the smaller work within the website and is not italicized.
The final element of a simple webpage citation is the URL, or Uniform Resource Locator. This is the web address of the page that you are citing. It’s important to always provide accurate and current URLs so your reader can easily locate your source. Copy and paste the URL directly from the browser’s address bar to ensure that the web address is correct.
Notice that there is no mention of the parent website in this citation. That’s consistent with NoodleTools’ recommendation to only provide the name of the website as a whole if it is not clear from the URL. There is no period at the end of the URL and it is not hyperlinked.