https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_char/ The Oracle TO_CHAR function is a common and useful string manipulation function. It allows you to convert a number or a date value into a string value. It allows you to take a number or a string, and convert it to a VARCHAR2 data type. The syntax of the function is: TO_CHAR( input_value, [format_mask], [nls_parameter] ) The parameters are: - input_value: this is the value to convert to a VARCHAR2 value. It can be one of many different number or date data types. - format_mask is an optional parameter and allows you to specify the format to display the output as. If this is omitted, the function uses a default format. - nls_parameter: this is also optional and lets you determine a regional parameter for displaying the output value. The format mask helps you determine what your output is displayed as. For example, if you provide the date of May 3rd, and the output is ‘03/05/2018’, how do you know if this is May 3rd or March 5th? Using a format mask can specify which format is used. The function is similar to the TO_NUMBER and TO_DATE functions, in that they both convert a specific data type. For more information about the Oracle TO_CHAR function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-to_char/
Views: 1221 Database Star
This video we are going to discuss the VARCHAR2 and the NVARCHAR2 data types. The previous videos are a good foundation to this video. I've actually discussed so much stuff in those videos that I don’t have a whole lot to say. Good for you, right? I discussed over the previous videos that you should prefer to use VARCHAR2 over CHAR. That's because there is not a difference in performance or storage for a VARCHAR2 column. The only difference is that an CHAR column forces each value to take up a certain length even if it's not. There is one difference between the variable length and fixed length data types here that you need to know about, and that is storage limits. CHAR has a limit of 2000 bytes, while VARCHAR2 has a limit of 4000 bytes. That means you can store twice as much junk in a VARCHAR2 column! Other than that, these data types work exactly the same. I recommend you always use the VARCHAR2 data types instead of the CHAR data types, and only use NVARCHAR2 if you have a non-Unicode database. This will allow you to store Unicode characters in a column. Now, the amount of storage you can put in a VARCHAR2 column is twice what you can put in a CHAR column, but 4000 characters is still not very many characters. This is where the LOB data types come in, which we will discuss in the next video! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5787 Caleb Curry
This video tutorial explains the difference between similar looking and used char datatype and varchar2 datatypes with an simple example. This video will answer the question such as how is the data internally stored differently for char and vacchar2 datatype. Also why is varchar2 much better option to be used than char data type is explained. If you want more such videos of exciting and amazing 'difference between' concepts, check out the links below : union and union all : https://youtu.be/n9FqQOd8liY replace and translate : https://youtu.be/HKYF77BGzOE procedure and function : https://youtu.be/q3LmOenL120 in and exists : https://youtu.be/REX4IjRYlFw rank and dense_rank : https://youtu.be/WGSX998hZ9M delete and truncate : https://youtu.be/u76wMm2byXo %type and %rowtype : https://youtu.be/MlLUFeZ_3eM
Views: 3388 Kishan Mashru
This video we are going to discuss the NUMBER data type. The Number data type is used to store integers, and real numbers. When you create a column as a NUMBER, you can store pretty huge or pretty small numbers in this column. Now there are two things you need to consider when working with numbers, and that is the precision as well as the how big the number is. For example, we can store the number 9.9. This has two significant digits. We could also store the number 9.9 X 10^4. In this situation, the number is much larger, but the number of significant digits is the same. 9.9 are the significant digits. When we expand this out we just have 99000, and the zeros are just used for size and are not considered "significant" in this situation. In fact, you get a max precision of 38, but a maximum value of 9.99 * 10^125. You can also use this data type to store very small numbers. Check the docs for the specifics on maximums and minimums. You can provide it with two pieces of information: Precision - The total number of digits. Scale - The number of digits to the right of the decimal. You do it in this format: NUMBER (precision, scale). The important thing to remember in this is that when you specify a precision, you will be limiting the max size of the numbers. The secret behind this data type is that it is actually stored in scientific notation. That is we store a number and then we can multiply it by 10 raised to some power. This allows us to store much larger numbers without taking up a ton of space. The oracle docs actually gives a formula that you can use to see how much storage is going to be required for a specific NUMBER data type. How much precision can be used? The acceptable range is 1-38. What about scale? The range is actually -84 to 127. I'll explain the scale in more detail in an upcoming video. That's because there is a lot of confusing things here…What does it mean for the scale to be negative? How can we have a scale that is bigger that the total number of digits available through the precision. That's a topic for another video. It's important to understand that when we increase our scale, we decrease the max size of the number. For example if we have a precision of 5 and a scale of 3, the highest number we can store is 99.999. This is in contrast to a precision of 5 and a scale of 2 which allows for up to 99.999. Either way you get 5 significant digits, but the numbers of digits to the left and right of the decimal change. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 8491 Caleb Curry
Detail explanation on oracle data type like Number blob/clob/nclob/(integer)/varchar2/varchar/char/nvarchr2/ncharvarchar2/date/long/rowid Giving the in-depth explanation on the data type of Oracle database -------------------------------------------------- Oracle SQL Practice Question: There is no practice question for this topic -------------------------------------------------- Frequently asked interview question on Oracle SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7E30fV8wJA&index=1&list=PLiLpmqwkwkCv4qmtBnz4M3zIs1_ukkboT In this video, you will get the answer to the following question what is Oracle data type where to use Oracle data type why we Oracle data type oracle data types tutorial In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lrnwthr/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 323 EqualConnect Coach
Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. Videos Available for Download - http://www.udemy.com/calebthevideomaker2-database-and-mysql-classes/ Playlist - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=krx-w9icrkU&list=PL405B31DD586979DE manual: Binary and Varbinary: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/binary-varbinary.html blobs: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/blob.html binary is similar to char varbinary is similar to varchar binary is a byte string rather than a character string no character set! blob is commonly used for encryption. More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://Twitter.com/calebCurry Subscribe (it's free!): http://bit.ly/PqPyvH Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5849 Caleb Curry
** For Online Training Registration: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ? Call: +91-8179191999 💡 Visit Our Website for Classroom Training: https://nareshit.in/sql-server-training/ 💡 For Online Training: https://nareshit.com/course/sql-server-online-training/ #sqlserver #server #programming #course #Tutorials #Training #Videos -------------------------- 💡 About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is having 14+ years of experience in software training industry and the best Software Training Institute for online training, classroom training, weekend training, corporate training of Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Spark, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA , Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in USA, Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, Bangalore India which provides online training across all the locations -------------------------- 💡 Our Online Training Features: 🎈 Training with Real-Time Experts 🎈 Industry Specific Scenario’s 🎈 Flexible Timings 🎈 Soft Copy of Material 🎈 Share Videos of each and every session. -------------------------- 💡 Please write back to us at 📧 [email protected]/ 📧 [email protected] or Call us at the USA: ☎+1404-232-9879 or India: ☎ +918179191999 -------------------------- 💡 Check The Below Links ► For Course Reg: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/+NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitek ► Follow us on Linkedin: https://goo.gl/CRBZ5F ► Follow us on Instagram: https://goo.gl/3UXYK3
Views: 18788 Naresh i Technologies
Save and Retrieve image from Database using C# and SQL Server. The C# Basics beginner course is a free C# Tutorial Series that helps beginning programmers learn the basics of the C# Programming Language. This is the best way to Learn C# for beginners
Views: 82968 Fox Learn
Different datatypes of oracle 11g. Varchar2, char, Number , date, BLOB anf CLOB datatypes. Oracle 11g Tutorial #2: Different Datatypes of Oracle . Thanks for watching my videos regularly and motivate me to touch the another milestone. Please subscribe my channel "Learn TechToTech" My Website : www.learnfromrakesh.com My Twitter Account : https://twitter.com/LearnTechtotech My Facebook Account: https://www.facebook.com/LearnTechToTech
Views: 284 Learn TechToTech
Hi everyone, Andy from Easysoft Limited here, what I want to show you today is how to get data from SQL Server into Oracle. Now for this we will be accessing SQL Server 2014 from Oracle 12 and getting data across. This could be quite easily be any SQL Server version from 2008 and any Oracle version from 11.2, the configuration and process is the same. We can obviously get access to data on SQL Server prior to 2008 and Oracle prior to version 11.2 but it will need a different configuration to what I am going to show you today The plan is also to add more data to the SQL Server table and show this new data back in Oracle. To start off you'll need access to ensure that you have access to your SQL Server and Oracle databases. You'll also need the Easysoft SQL Server ODBC Driver available from www.easysoft.com; just download it, install it and request the free 14 day trial licence. Before we start we need to make some changes to the standard Easysoft config files. cat /etc/odbc.ini Here I have changed Mars Connection to Yes. It must be set to "Yes" if you are connecting to SQL Server 2005 or newer. Easysoft supports all SQL data types from the version of SQL Server from version 7. Oracle supports data types that are common to most ODBC Drivers, but not some of the SQL Server ones. If you intend to access VARCHAR(MAX) for example, then there are some additional settings that need to be set up. Now as I would like to show you VARCHAR(MAX) data moving from SQL Server to Oracle, I have made the relevant change. As you can see, VarMaxAsLong says "Yes" We now need to create a link from Oracles Database Gateway (DG4ODBC) to the ODBC datasource that we already have, this is done in an init(sid) oracle file; let's have a look at our file. cat $ORACLE_HOME/hs/admin/initsqlsrv.ora Please note that HS_NLS_NCHAR must be set to UCS2 Oracle assume that most database vendors use UTF-8 for wide characters, however Easysoft, like almost all ODBC Driver vendors (including Oracles own ODBC Driver) uses UCS2 for wide characters. So that's the link between DG4ODBC and the datasource setup correctly. Next we need to set up the Listener entry The Oracle Listener waits for incoming requests from the Oracle database. For the Oracle Listener to listen for requests, information about DG4ODBC must be added to the Oracle Listener configuration file, listener.ora cat $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/listener.ora The PROGRAM=dg4odbc tells the Listener that we are wanting to use the Oracle database gateway to communicate with ODBC. The ENVS=LD_LIBRARY_PATH tells Oracle what library to load Now that's all set up and OK we need to tell Oracle which server to attach the listener entry to. This is done in tnsnames.ora, and he is the file that we ensured was set up earlier. cat $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/tnsnames.ora The Oracle Listener now needs to be restarted. lsnrctl stop lsnrctl start OK, that's now started the Listener up again. So we have ensured that all the configuration files are set up correctly. The Listener and tnsnames.ora both set up OK. The final step is to create a link from the Oracle database to the "tnsnames.ora" entry. CREATE PUBLIC DATABASE LINK ODBC CONNECT TO "test" IDENTIFIED BY "test" USING 'sqlsrv_ptr'; Right, that's all done. Let's access the data in SQL Server now. select * from [email protected]; Where 'demo' is the name of the SQL Server table and 'odbc' is the public database link name. OK, there we have the data. So to recap, I'm in Oracle and we have managed to read the data from SQL Server. Let's just add an additional row in that SQL Server table and retrieve the new data in Oracle. quit; /usr/local/easysoft/unixODBC/bin/isql.sh -v sqlsrv insert into demo values (2,'Easysoft') select * from demo select * from [email protected]; And there is the new data. Easysoft Limited can help you with your data access ... for our full range of ODBC and JDBC Drivers, Bridges and Gateways visit easysoft.com Be sure to let us know if you have any comments or questions. Until next time, thanks again and we'll see you again soon.
Views: 16727 Easysoft Limited
Enroll into full course with free cloud access for 30 days: https://dbagenesis.com/p/oracle-sql-fundamentals/
Views: 157 DBA Genesis
This MySQL tutorial explains how to set data types for columns in tables using SQL. For more data types check out the following official MySQL site: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/data-types.html View SQL playlist here: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrTXCzXE7TKJ--7JpN9Rxx3CU3_VPWJWU
Views: 14988 ITSophy
Explains the BLOB Binary Large OBject data type LONG VARGRAPHIC. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 769 cbtinc
Session 6: Datatypes In Oracle ALPHABET : A-Z , a-z NUMBER : 0-9 (with precision and scale) DATE / Temporal : any Date and time (Hours, Minutes, Seconds, Mili-seconds, Timestamp, Timezone etc) Alphabet + Number = Alphanumeric Data = String / CHARACTER Datatype Category Number = Numeric Datatype Category Date = Date Datatype Category 1. CHARACTER Datatype: CHAR, VARCHAR, NCHAR: CHAR is fixed length datatype and VARCHAR is Variable length datatype to store character data. i.e. A-Z , a-z , 0-9 , all keyboard characters etc. The default size is 1 character and it can store maximum up to 2000 bytes. Example : EName, EmpID, PassportNo, SSN, etc. EName CHAR(10) := ‘TOM’; wastage of 7 space after the string EName VARCHAR(10) := ‘TOM’; Spaces can be Reuse which left after the string NCHAR additionally handles NLS(National Language Support). Oracle supports a reliable Unicode datatype through NCHAR , NVARCHAR2 , and NCLOB VARCHAR2, NVARCHAR2: These are Variable length datatype. VARCHAR2 handles alphanumeric character string whereas NVARCHAR2 handles alphanumeric character string with NLS(National Language Support). The default size is 1 character and it can store maximum up to 4000 bytes. LONG: Variable length string. (Maximum size: 2 GB - 1) Only one LONG column is allowed per table. RAW: Variable length binary string (Maximum size 2000 bytes) LONG RAW: Variable length binary string (Maximum size 2GB) 2. NUMERIC Datatype: NUMBER: It stores Numeric values and performs numeric calculations. NUMBER, NUMBER(n), NUMBER(p,s) It stores Numbers up to 38 digits of precision. SeqNo NUMBER; 1, 123, 12345678 EmpID NUMBER(4); 1, 123, 1234 Sal NUMBER(7,2); 23456.78 , 123.45 — correction in video: Sal NUMBER(a7,2); which is wrong please ignore. 1234567 can be a type of NUMBER, NUMBER(7), NUMBER(7,0) It can store both integer and floating point numbers NUMERIC(p,s) FLOAT: Ex: EmpSal FLOAT; FLOAT(7) Decimal Points allowed DEC(p,s), DECIMAL(p,s) , REAL, DOUBLE PRECISION INTEGER: Ex: SSN INTEGER; Decimal Points are not allowed INT, SMALLINT 3. DATE Datatype: DATE: It stores DATE(Date, Month, Year) and Time(Hour, Minute, Second, AM/PM) and performs calculations with such data. Default DATE format in Oracle is “DD-MON-YY” Based on "Gregorian calendar" where the date ranges from “JAN 1 4712 BC” to “DEC 31 9999 AD” doj DATE; “18-MAR-2010 12:30:00 PM” TIMESTAMP: It can store all parameters as DATE datatype and additionally it can have “Fraction of seconds” and TIMESTAMP WITH TIMEZONE / TIMESTAMP WITHOUT TIMEZONE. Range from 0-9 digits, the default size is 6. 4. LOB Datatype: LOB: “Large Object” data. It can store pictures, motion pictures, Textfiles etc. CLOB: “Character Large Object” is used to store structured information like a text file with a specific file format. BLOB: “Binary Large Object” is used to store Un-structured information like Image, JPEG files, MPEG files etc. BFILE: “Binary File” is used to store the pointer to a specific file / Just store the location of a file. Maximum size: (4 GB - 1) * DB_BLOCK_SIZE initialization parameter (8 TB to 128 TB) Extra Information: NCLOB : It supports all the character set supported by CLOB and additionally it handles NLS(National Language Support ) Maximum size: (4 GB - 1) * DB_BLOCK_SIZE initialization parameter (8 TB to 128 TB) ROWID and UROWID(optional size) Datatype: contains fixed length Binary data. BBBBBBB.RRRR.FFFFF combination of BLOCK-ROW-DATABASE FILE Physical and Logical ROWID Upcoming Session: Session 7: Populating Data into Tables(INSERT Statement): Inserting data into all columns of a table Inserting data into Required columns of a table Inserting NULL value into a table Inserting Special Values(USER / SYSDATE) into a table Supplying data at runtime(using & and &&) THANK YOU :)
Views: 232 Prabhat Sahu
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS , ADF, INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo............
Views: 4421 Durga Software Solutions
Differences Between PLS_INTEGER and BINARY_INTEGER SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 634 TechLake
NCHAR is another data type available in Oracle database. This data type is very similar to the char data type with some key differences. NCHAR is also known as the national character set. This is a data type that allows us to store Unicode characters. It is really recommended that you watch the two videos over Unicode and UTF-8 because this video is going to talk a lot about it. Why is it that we have an entire data type dedicated to storing Unicode? That will be easily understood once we understand how character sets and encodings are applied to Oracle. They are applied at the database level. That means that you have a character set that applies to the entire database. This is in contrast to some database management systems that allow you to apply a data type at the table and column level. For example, in MySQL you can make a table have a character set, and make a specific column in that table a different character set. That means we can customize everything at the expense of adding potential complexity and confusion. Oracle does not work that way. In Oracle, we define one character set for the entire database. The problem with defining a character set for the entire database is that it may not be the character set we want to use for everything. That is where the NCHAR column comes in. The NCHAR column allows us to have a Unicode column inside of a database that does not use Unicode as the default character set. That is important because it is very often that we want to use Unicode but we may not need to use it for everything, for example if that application is working with ASCII nearly all of the time. If you are using Unicode for the database, then NCHAR is not going to be needed and should not be used. This data type is not as widely accepted, so only use it if you absolutely need to, specifically when you need to store Unicode in a non-Unicode database. Additionally, there is some controversy when it comes to whether or not you should use the CHAR and NCHAR data types in Oracle at all. We will discuss why in an upcoming video. In the next video we are going to go over some specific character sets that Oracle can use. See you then! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Suppor me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4319 Caleb Curry
Converting Character Large Object of Source to Binary Large Object of Target using Informatica Java Transformation. For more information please check http://gogates.blogspot.in/2013/09/transfering-clob-data-to-blob-using.html
Views: 5615 Mandar Gogate
Explains the BLOB Binary Large OBject data type VARGRAPHIC. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 1160 cbtinc
https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-timezone-functions/ The Oracle DBTIMEZONE function returns the database timezone offset of the database. It returns it in the format of +/- TZH:TZM, or the time zone region name. It’s useful to know what timezone the database is in when working with dates and different time zones, as it can impact the queries you write. The syntax for this function is quite simple: DBTIMEZONE There are no parameters - just the function name. You can’t actually change the timezone of the database using this function. It uses the timezone of the operating system of the server the database runs on. It’s similar to the SESSIONTIMEZONE function, but that function returns the timezone of your session and not the database server. It’s also similar to the SYSTIMESTAMP function, but that function returns the date, time, and timezone of the database, where DBTIMEZONE just returns the timezone. For more information about the Oracle DBTIMEZONE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-timezone-functions/
Views: 129 Database Star
Batch export SQL Server [IMAGE, VARBINARY(MAX)] (BLOB) data from query results, by SqlLobEditor, http://www.withdata.com/sqllobeditor/ . Download link: http://www.withdata.com/down/SqlLobEditor.exe .
Views: 3273 Shiji Pan
The TEXT data types have not yet been discussed, but they are another string data type. They are similar to the VARCHAR data type with some minor differences that are important to know. The first thing to note is that there are four versions used to determine different sizes. From least to greatest size is TINYTEXT, TEXT, MEDIUMTEXT, LARGETEXT. These each have different maximum byte sizes: 255, 65535, 16 million something, and 4 billion something. You create a column as one of these data types just as you would with a varchar column. You work with them exactly the same, too. If that is the case, what are the primary differences between these and VARCHAR? The first difference is that VARCHAR is restricted by the row limit of a table. TEXT tables do not contribute nearly as much (max of 12 bytes) because the data is not stored inline in the table. This means that if you need to allow for extra space for other rows, you can use a TEXT column. And even though the table only contains a pointer to the data, it is all hidden to us and working with a TEXT column is the same as working with a VARCHAR column. The second primary difference is that TEXT data types do not allow for a default other than NULL. Thirdly, VARCHAR is limited to just under 64KB, whereas you can use MEDIUMTEXT or LARGETEXT to allow for more storage. So if what you are trying to store as an individual value is over 64KB, use a text column. Other than those three things, VARCHAR will usually work just fine for our text needs. Now, last thing is that these data types are often called CLOB data types. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5765 Caleb Curry
New feature 12c: Extend to VARCHAR2() 32k, instead of 4000 bytes.
Views: 5370 1Click2beDBA
Every column within a table has to be given what is known as a datatype. A data type is a fairly simple concept when you dissect the word. It is literally the type of data. Why do we use types, though? The biggest benefit is so that Oracle knows how to interpret and work with our data. It also makes the database better at rejecting incorrect data. If we had to concept of a data type, there would be a lot more work involved in forcing data to be of the right format. It would also be harder for us to get the database to treat the data in the correct way. In addition to this, a database can optimize storage and performance for a column if everything is of the same data type. Because of this, each column can only support one data type. There are numerous different data types in Oracle and it helps us if we categorize them. The first types of datatypes we should learn about are: String, Numeric, Temporal Now, there are few more categories we could make, but these are the main ones. We will worry about the other ones another day as I am only introducing the topic. A string data type is anything within quotes. Most databases use single quotes for string data. Inside of the quotes can be any number of characters. What is a character? Think of any letter, number, or symbol you can type. Some people call these letters, numbers, and symbols alphanumeric. Numeric data type includes only numbers. These data types are often used for data that you plan on using for mathematical calculations. Temporal data types are data types that are used for dates and times. Now, each data type is probably going to have some options you'll need to worry about, but one that comes up with every data type is storage. The reason we need to consider storage is because we may end up with millions of rows in a table and the difference between a few bytes for each row will make a huge difference when we look at the whole picture. When a data type gives you the option of size, you will want to a size that will be able to hold what you need, but nothing more. In the upcoming videos we are going to discuss the available data types in more detail. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 8384 Caleb Curry
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of extract function. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7). Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language, which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package. PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages, but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor, CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler  and SwisSQL. The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4296 radhikaravikumar
This video gives a quick demonstration of the Extended Data Types functionality available from Oracle Database 12c onward. For more information see: Extended Data Types in Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1) https://oracle-base.com/articles/12c/extended-data-types-12cR1 Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Martin Klier : Blog: https://www.performing-databases.com/blog/ Twitter : https://twitter.com/MartinKlierDBA Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video. All trademarks, product names and logos are the property of their respective owners.
Views: 317 ORACLE-BASE.com
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В этом видео уроке мы рассмотрим типы данных для хранения текста, которые в SQL представлены в виде форматов BLOB и TEXT. Кроме того, мы разберемся с тем как реализованы типы данных BLOB и TEXT в базах данных MySQL сервера. Рубрика по базам данных: http://zametkinapolyah.ru/zametki-o-mysql/sqlite/ Рубрика MySQL: http://zametkinapolyah.ru/zametki-o-mysql/server-mysql Паблик блога в ВК: https://vk.com/zametkinapolyah Тематическая группа в ВК: https://vk.com/zametki_bd Помощь проекту: WMR: R28827266698 WMZ: Z293550531456 Яндекс.Деньги: 410011531129223
Views: 1149 Кирилл Антонов
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Views: 1035 Durga Software Solutions
In the upcoming videos we are going to discuss data types in depth, but I don't want to drown you in all of the details. Because of that, I'm giving you this video which is going to introduce you to the most important data types. Then, in the upcoming videos, I'll describe them in more depth. One of the data types we've already discussed in this video is NUMBER. This data type is used to, obviously, store a number. It can be used to store integers (whole numbers), or numbers with decimals. There are two other numeric data types you should know of. BINARY_FLOAT and BINARY_DOUBLE are both numeric data types that are known as floating point numbers. A floating point number is often used for large numbers that have decimal places where it is acceptable to not be completely precise. What I mean by this is that these numbers can only store numbers correctly up to a certain decimal point. If you need perfect precision, you will want to use the NUMBER data type. Now storing numbers is good sometimes, but occasionally you will want to store string data. String data can be any sequence of characters, including numbers. By telling the database that a column is a string data type, the database knows how to treat that column. There are four important string data types that you need to know about. The first two are CHAR and NCHAR. These data types are used to store a fixed-length string. So for example, you can say you want to store 12 characters. This means that every value for this column will be exactly 12 characters. If you insert less than 12 characters, the data will be padded with spaces. This means you will want to use one of these data types when every value in the column is the same length. What is the difference between CHAR and NCHAR? CHAR uses what is known as ASCII while NCHAR uses Unicode. The difference is what characters are allowed and how much space each character takes. ASCII takes up less space but only supports English, numbers, and some symbols. UNICODE allows you to store characters from multiple languages but takes up more space. Those were both fixed-length string. What if you want to store data that changes in length? That is where VARCHAR2 and NVARCHAR2 come in. When it comes to storing dates, the data types that are most important are DATE and TIMESTAMP. Date can be used to store dates and time. Timestamp is a data type that can be used to store an exact moment in time. Lastly, there are interval types. These store a date range. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 7010 Caleb Curry
Batch export Oracle CLOB data from query results, by OraLobEditor, http://www.withdata.com/oralobeditor/ . Download link: http://www.withdata.com/down/OraLobEditor.exe .
Views: 3283 Shiji Pan
The difference between different types of character datatypes CHAR VARCHAR VARCHAR2 NVARCHAR
Views: 3555 Rishabh Jain
В данном видео уроке мы поговорим о символьном типе данных и его реализации в базах данных MySQL сервера. Отметим, что MySQL поддерживает стандартный набор символьных типов данных для SQL, который представлен типами данных CHAR и VARCHAR. Тип данных CHAR в базах данных MySQL севера позволяет хранить строки фиксированной длинны, а тип данных VARCHAR используется в базах данных для хранения строк переменной длины. Также стоит сказать, что количество символов, хранимых в столбцах CHAR и VARCHAR указывается при создании таблицы. Рубрика по базам данных: http://zametkinapolyah.ru/zametki-o-mysql/sqlite/ Рубрика MySQL: http://zametkinapolyah.ru/zametki-o-mysql/server-mysql Паблик блога в ВК: https://vk.com/zametkinapolyah Тематическая группа в ВК: https://vk.com/zametki_bd Помощь проекту: WMR: R28827266698 WMZ: Z293550531456 Яндекс.Деньги: 410011531129223
Views: 1455 Кирилл Антонов
Batch export SQL Server [TEXT, NTEXT, VARCHAR(MAX), NVARCHAR(MAX)] (CLOB) data from query results, by SqlLobEditor, http://www.withdata.com/sqllobeditor/ . Download link: http://www.withdata.com/down/SqlLobEditor.exe .
Views: 426 Shiji Pan
How to view/access image or static files on Oracle APEX 5: 1. Upload image into static application files under Shared Components on a Application Project #APP_IMAGES#yourfile.png #APP_IMAGES#apex5.png 2. Place it on Oracle APEX default image directory http://yourserver:port/i/yourfile.png http://localhost:8080/i/apex5.png (Sorry for the poor audio quality) Please Subscribe
Views: 9440 Boby Siswanto
Explains the SQL NCLOB or National Character Large OBject data type. From http://ComputerBasedTrainingInc.com SQL Course. Learn by doing SQL commands for ANSI Standard SQL, Access, DB2, MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Views: 298 cbtinc
The first category of data types that we are going to cover in this MySQL series are the string data types, or character data types. There are two that I am going to talk about in this video, CHAR and VARCHAR. We'll start with CHAR. CHAR is a string data type where you specify how many characters are allowed in parenthesis after you declare the column as this type. For example, we can say CHAR(50) to allow up to 50 characters for each value in that column. The thing to know about CHAR though is that it is a fixed-length string. That means every single value inside of that column is actually going to be whatever you declare the length as. So if you say CHAR(50), every string is going to be 50 characters long. If, for example, you have a row that only uses 40 characters, MySQL will pad the right side of the string with spaces until it fills 50 characters. Now, the highest value you can put in here is 255. The 255 refers to characters. This means that you can have strings with up to 255 characters. How does the computer know how to store these characters? That has to deal with the character set and the encoding of the characters. By default, MySQL is going to use UTF-8. We are not going to discuss UTF-8 in detail for a while but essentially UTF-8 says that each character can take up to 3 bytes of storage. 255 comes from the max number you can count to using binary. So if we are keeping track of how many values are in this column in an 8 bit number, 255 is the highest. If you don't know what I'm talking about it, we'll worry about it later. You can actually make the column CHAR(0). In this situation, the only thing you could put in as a value for this column is an empty string (''). When retrieving variable length CHAR data from a database it may not look like the database pads the value. That's because MySQL actually strips spaces from the value when presented. If you want to keep all of the spaces that have been added when you retrieve the value, you can do that. Look up PAD_CHAR_TO_FULL_LENGTH online. In the next video we are going to discuss VARCHAR. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4868 Caleb Curry
Batch update SQL Server [IMAGE, VARBINARY(MAX)] (BLOB) field data, by SqlLobEditor, http://www.withdata.com/sqllobeditor/ . Download link: http://www.withdata.com/down/SqlLobEditor.exe .
Views: 1854 Shiji Pan