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Treaty Interpretation
 
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BOOK REVIEW TREATY INTERPRETATION Second Edition By Richard Gardiner Oxford University Press The Oxford International Law Library ISBN: 978 0 19966 923 3 www.oup.com FOR INTERNATIONAL LAWYERS: THE DEFINITIVE WORK ON THE INTERPRETATION OF TREATIES -- NOW IN A NEW EDITION An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers As the world ‘global village’ grows progressively smaller, the scope, reach and importance of international law looms correspondingly larger -- hence the need for the international lawyer to be able to interpret treaties in accordance with modern rules. Interestingly enough, interpreting treaties is regarded as an art by many who are expert in this field, including the author of this book, Richard Gardiner. ‘The increasing number and significance of treaties,’ he says, ‘has given added importance to the art of their interpretation.’ Certain critics have referred to this assessment as rather too glib and have asked ‘whether there were any rules for practising that art.’ Yes, asserts the author: ‘there are such rules.’ These are set out in the Vienna Convention of the Law of Treaties signed at Vienna in May 1969, known as ‘The Vienna Rules. ‘Those who would practice the art need to understand the rules,’ says the author, who, as a practising barrister, was a legal adviser at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and a member of the Faculty of Law at University College, London. Now in its second edition, the book sets out to explain the Vienna Rules, giving examples of interpretations reached by applying them. At the same time, no claim is made that the Vienna Rules resolve all the problems of interpretation. However, it is pointed out that the rules of treaty interpretation differ somewhat from typical rules for interpreting legal instruments and legislation within national legal systems. Even more importantly, the rules of treaty interpretation codified in the Vienna Convention are now applicable to virtually all treaties, both internationally and within individual national legal systems, where treaties have an impact on a wide range of matters which now grows ever larger. Published by the Oxford University Press as part of their International Law Library, this fully updated edition features case law from a broad range of jurisdictions and gives an account of the work of the International Law Commission in its relation to interpretative declarations. An impressive work of scholarship regarded as a classic in this field, the book builds its close and minute analysis with the support of references to real-life examples as part of its practical approach. And there are any number of these from the trades union closed shop, to the principle of freedom of speech, to anti-dumping. With its extensive footnoting, numbered paragraphs throughout and astoundingly lengthy and very useful bibliography of some twelve pages, this book also provides tables of cases, treaties and legislation, plus a detailed table of contents and index at the back. As a valuable resource for researchers, academics and diplomats as well as international lawyers, it will certainly be regarded as indispensable for anyone professionally involved in the law of treaty interpretation. The publication date is cited as at 28 February 2015.
Views: 690 Phillip Taylor
Recognition, treaty, sovereignty and self-determination - facts and ambitions
 
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Early June 2016 with the Referendum Council about to begin its national consultation and the Recognise Campaign proceeding, Victorian Aboriginal communities have been meeting across Victoria to discuss treaties, constitutional recognition, sovereignty and self-determination. Listen to the different positions from a variety of experts, have your say and get those complex questions answered. Panellists: Dr Gary Foley - Professor in History, Moondani Balluk, Victoria University Aunty Margaret Gardiner - Wurundjeri Wamba Wamba Barapa Barapa Dja Dja Wurrung Waywurru Ngurai Illum Wurrung Shireen Morris - Lawyer and Senior Policy Advisor and constitutional reform research fellow at Cape York Institute Uncle Gary Murray - Victorian Traditional Owner Land Justice Group and Dhudhuroa Barapa Barapa Djupagalk Yorta Yorta Wamba Wamba Dja Dja Wurrung Uncle Larry Walsh - Taungurung Elder MC - Professor Emeritus Cheryl Saunders AO, Knight in the Order of the Legion d’Honneur - constitutional law expert, the University of Melbourne
Views: 651 Knowledge Melbourne
What is TREATY OF UXBRIDGE? What does TREATY OF UXBRIDGE mean? TREATY OF UXBRIDGE meaning
 
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What is TREATY OF UXBRIDGE? What does TREATY OF UXBRIDGE mean? TREATY OF UXBRIDGE meaning - TREATY OF UXBRIDGE definition - TREATY OF UXBRIDGE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ The Treaty of Uxbridge of early 1645 was a significant but abortive negotiation to try to end the First English Civil War. Parliament drew up 27 articles in November 1644 and presented them to Charles I of England at Oxford. Much input into these Propositions of Uxbridge was from Archibald Johnston. The conditions were very assertive, with Presbyterianism to be established south of the border, and Parliament to take control of all military matters. Charles had decided that the military situation was turning in his favour, after the Second Battle of Lostwithiel, Second Battle of Newbury and consequent relief of Donnington Castle, and the campaign of James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose in Scotland. Montrose's victory at the Battle of Inverlochy was during the conference. His incentive to compromise was thereby reduced, but the same was true of the Parliamentary side, with its growing confidence in the New Model Army. Samuel Rawson Gardiner wrote of the Parliamentary articles: “ Not only did the demands for the exclusion from seats in the House of Lords of Peers afterwards created unless with the consent of Parliament, for the permanent submission of appointments of officers and judges to the approbation of Parliament, and for the education and marriage of the King’s children being placed under Parliamentary control, which had been omitted from the Oxford Propositions, re-appear (§§ 19, 20, 21), but the necessity for Parliamentary approbation was to reach to all the judges instead of being confined to three as in the Nineteen Propositions, and there was added a new proposition asking that the right of declaring peace and war might only be exercised with the assent of Parliament (§ 23), and setting up a permanent body of Commissioners to act in combination with a similar body of Scottish Commissioners to control all military forces in both kingdoms with the most extensive powers (§ 17). Besides this, long lists were drawn up of the names of those Royalists who were to be subjected to divers penalties, and whole categories of unnamed persons were added, the expenses of the war being laid upon these Royalist delinquents (§ 14). As to religion in England, not only was it to be brought to the nearest possible uniformity with that of Scotland (§ 5), but the King himself was to swear and sign the Solemn League and Covenant (§ 2). Such demands can only have been made with the object of trampling upon the King’s feelings as well as upon his political authority, and it would have been far more reasonable to ask his consent to an act of abdication than to such articles as these. Further: “ Charles's counter-demands of January 21, 1645 (No. 62, p. 286), are conceived in a far more reasonable spirit. They appeal to the King’s legal rights, asking, in short, that the Constitution should be accepted as it had stood at the end of August, 1641, and as it was to stand at the Restoration in 1660, and that the Common Prayer Book should be preserved from ‘scorn and violence,’ and that a Bill should ‘be framed for the ease of tender consciences.’ If constitutional settlements could be judged as they stand upon paper without reference to the character of those who would have to work them, there could be no doubt that the King’s offer afforded at least an admirable basis for negotiation. The two sides lodged in Uxbridge, the Royalists on the south side and the Parliamentarians in the north. Christopher Love preached a sermon, strongly against the Royalists, and he was rebuked by Parliament. The meetings were arranged in the house of Sir John Bennet. The negotiations, which proved fruitless, went on from 29 January to 22 February. The King offered only to rein in the powers of the episcopate in religious matters, and to give Parliament some control of the militia, limited to a time period of three years.
Views: 13 The Audiopedia
Tino rangatiratanga
 
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Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. You can support us by purchasing something through our Amazon-Url, thanks :) Tino rangatiratanga is a Māori language term that has recently been suggested to possibly mean 'absolute sovereignty', It is also the name of a flag that some Maori involved in contesting the classical translation identify with.It appears in the Māori version of the Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and Māori chiefs in 1840.It has become one of the most contentious phrases in retrospective analyses of the Treaty, amid debate surrounding the obligations agreed to by each of the over 500 signatories.The phrase features in current historical and political discourse on race relations in New Zealand, and is widely used by Māori advocacy groups. ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- About the author(s): of code: cs:User:-xfi-; of flag, Linda Munn, Jan Dobson and Hiraina Marsden. Linda Munn was the only one still alive in early 2010.[3] License: Public domain Author(s): cs:User:-xfi- ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- This channel is dedicated to make Wikipedia, one of the biggest knowledge databases in the world available to people with limited vision. Article available under a Creative Commons license Image source in video
Views: 565 WikiWikiup
The question of sovereignty
 
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Hear a kōrero from the He Tohu exhibition about Te Tiriti with Prof Mānuka Hēnare, Rt Hon Dame Sian Elias, Prof Michael Belgrave, Dr Donald Brash, Dr Cybèle Locke and Haami Piripi. "Words like mana were absolutely and utterly central to understanding, Māori understandings, that they were recognised in 1835 of having independence, chiefly mana, over these islands." Find out more at https://natlib.govt.nz/he-tohu He Tohu is a permanent exhibition of 3 iconic constitutional documents that shape Aotearoa New Zealand. The documents are: * 1835 He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tireni – Declaration of Independence of the United Tribes of New Zealand * 1840 Te Tiriti o Waitangi – Treaty of Waitangi * 1893 Women’s Suffrage Petition – Te Petihana Whakamana Pōti Wahine He Tohu is presented by Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga and the National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, both of which are part of the Department of Internal Affairs.
Views: 366 He Tohu
Jayson Gardiner - What is tino rangatiratanga?
 
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Mana Party and Socialist Aotearoa activist Jayson Gardiner discusses what is tino rangatiratanga. http://socialistaotearoa.blogspot.co.nz/2012/09/revolution-conference-spring-in-our-step.html
Views: 781 Omar Hamed
What does 'Tino Rangatiratanga' mean?
 
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Hear a kōrero from the He Tohu exhibition with Dr Claudia Orange DNZM, Prof Rawinia Higgins, Dawn Mason-Lawrence, Moana Jackson and Dr Cybèle Locke. "For a very long time we were raised with a commitment to our independence. We have held fast to that in all our discussions, songs and dances. Our independence is our main aim. We feel there is more value in our independence than sovereignty - if you analyse the relevant words of the Treaty of Waitangi." Find out more at https://natlib.govt.nz/he-tohu He Tohu is a permanent exhibition of 3 iconic constitutional documents that shape Aotearoa New Zealand. The documents are: * 1835 He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tireni – Declaration of Independence of the United Tribes of New Zealand * 1840 Te Tiriti o Waitangi – Treaty of Waitangi * 1893 Women’s Suffrage Petition – Te Petihana Whakamana Pōti Wahine He Tohu is presented by Archives New Zealand Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga and the National Library of New Zealand Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, both of which are part of the Department of Internal Affairs.
Views: 3475 He Tohu
EU leaders agree Brexit deal - BBC News
 
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The UK’s withdrawal agreement from the European Union has been approved by EU leaders, its chief official Donald Tusk has announced. The 27 leaders gave it their backing after less than an hour's discussion in Brussels. Mr Tusk signalled on Saturday that the deal would be approved after Spain withdrew last-minute concerns over Gibraltar. The deal needs to be approved by the UK Parliament, with many MPs opposed. Mr Tusk, the president of the European Council, broke the news on Twitter. Please subscribe HERE http://bit.ly/1rbfUog
Views: 149907 BBC News
Quality of Life of People with Disabilities
 
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Research report: quality of life of people with disabilities, especially as how affected by the family.
Views: 461 Taylor Paine
Whakapapa
 
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Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. You can support us by purchasing something through our Amazon-Url, thanks :) Whakapapa , or genealogy, is a fundamental principle that permeates the whole of Māori culture.However, it is more than just a genealogical 'device'.It is in fact a paradigm of cultural discourse and provides the basis for establishing, enhancing, and even challenging relationships between individuals, whanau , hapū and iwi .. This channel is dedicated to make Wikipedia, one of the biggest knowledge databases in the world available to people with limited vision. Article available under a Creative Commons license Image source in video
Views: 259 WikiWikiup
Hauraki Collective signs Deed of Settlement
 
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The Hauraki Collective have signed their controversial $250mil treaty deal, the biggest collective settlement to date. However, the signing was met with dissenting voices. Rapaera Tawhai reports
Views: 719 Te Karere TVNZ
10. Rupert Holmes - Escape (The Piña Colada Song)
 
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Guardians of the Galaxy - Awesome Mix Vol. 1 track 10
Views: 39793561 Joel Gustafsson
He Wakaputanga o te tino rangatiratanga o nga hapu o Nu Tireni-the Declaration of Independence 1835
 
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Confederation of United Tribes o Aotearoa Nu Tireni reaffirm He Wakaputanga 1835 the Declaration of Independence - New Zealand.
Views: 877 mana motuhake
Trump Policies Boost Economic Freedom Ranking | The Heritage Foundation
 
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Did you know that if you live in an economically free society you are more likely to be healthier, happier, more educated, live longer, and take better care of the environment? Economic freedom withered under President Trump and is recovering under President Trump.
Allegories on race and racism | Camara Jones | TEDxEmory
 
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This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. Dr. Camara Jones shares four allegories on “race” and racism. She hopes that these "telling stories" empower you to do something different, and that you will remember them and pass them on. Dr. Jones is a family physician and epidemiologist whose work focuses on the impacts of racism on the health and well-being of the nation. She seeks to broaden the national health debate to include not only universal access to high quality health care, but also attention to the social determinants of health (including poverty) and the social determinants of equity (including racism). As a methodologist, she has developed new methods for comparing full distributions of data, rather than simply comparing means or proportions, in order to investigate population-level risk factors and propose population-level interventions. As a social epidemiologist, her work on "race"-associated differences in health outcomes goes beyond documenting those differences to vigorously investigating the structural causes of the differences. As a teacher, her allegories on "race" and racism illuminate topics that are otherwise difficult for many Americans to understand or discuss. She hopes through her work to initiate a national conversation on racism that will eventually lead to a National Campaign Against Racism. Dr. Jones was an Assistant Professor at the Harvard School of Public Health from 1994 to 2000, and a Medical Officer at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 2000 to 2013. She received her BA in Molecular Biology from Wellesley College, her MD from the Stanford University School of Medicine, and both her Master of Public Health and her PhD in Epidemiology from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. She also completed residency training in both General Preventive Medicine (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health) and Family Practice (Residency Program in Social Medicine at Montefiore Hospital). About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 130935 TEDx Talks
Death of Pioneer / KBS뉴스(News)
 
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[Anchor Lead] Pastor Moon Dong-hwan, a pioneer of the pro-democracy movement during the dictatorial Yushin regime, has passed away. Scores of politicians and religious figures are visiting his altar to pay their respects. [Pkg] Pastor Moon Dong-hwan, who was highly lauded for laying a foundation for minjung theology in Korea, passed away at the age of 98. Literally meaning "people's theology," minjung theology originated from the struggle for social justice. [Soundbite] Late Pastor Moon Dong-hwan(Jan. 2019, CBS) : "Being a pastor means living for your nation. I hope that I will live a meaningful life." Moon Dong-hwan studied theology in the United States in the 1950s, and had a keen interest in minjung theology. [Soundbite] Late Pastor Moon Dong-hwan : "How can grassroots people play the main role in history? They are not educated, they have no money and they struggle to survive. But they can play the leading role in history. That's what the Bible says." While serving as a professor at Hanshin University, his alma mater, Moon led a pro-democracy movement to fight the dictatorial regime at the time. He was dismissed from his post as a result of a crackdown by the government. Moon was also imprisoned along with former President Kim Dae-jung and pastor Moon Ik-hwan for their participation in the 'March 1 Declaration of Democracy to Save Korea' announced at Myeongdong Cathedral in 1976 to demand the abolition of emergency measures implemented by the Yushin regime and to call for the establishment of parliamentary government. Moon Dong-hwan entered politics at the recommendation of Kim Dae-jung and served as a senior executive of the Party for Peace and Democracy. Three years later, he returned to the U.S. to study theology and published his autobiography. Many high-profile officials and dignitaries have visited the deceased pastor's altar, including Prime Minister Lee Nak-yeon.
Views: 307 KBS News
Brexit: the withdrawal agreement draft  – Euronews takes a look at the details
 
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Draft Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of… READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2018/11/14/brexit-the-withdrawal-agreement-draft-euronews-takes-a-look-at-the-details What are the top stories today? Click to watch: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLSyY1udCyYqBeDOz400FlseNGNqReKkFd euronews: the most watched news channel in Europe Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronews euronews is available in 13 languages: https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsnetwork/channels In English: Website: http://www.euronews.com/news Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/euronews Twitter: http://twitter.com/euronews Google+: http://google.com/+euronews VKontakte: http://vk.com/en.euronews
Views: 1831 euronews (in English)
"Serve the Lord with Gladness" - from Handel, G.F., "Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate" (1713-14)
 
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I think this is a really beautiful and inspiring piece. It demonstrates Handel's mastery of polyphony, being his ability harmoniously to weave together the different strands of the tune, and, perhaps more importantly, one can really feel the meaning behind the words. Georg Friedrich Händel/George Frideric Handel (1685 ✝ 1759)'s "Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate" is a two-part choral work composed in 1713-14 to celebrate the Treaty of Utrecht, which ended the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714). May we continue to work for peace on Earth: through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen. I do not own this music or claim to own it. This is a short extract from the excellent Florigelium recording released in 1997, performed by the Choir of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford and the Academy of Ancient Music, conducted by Simon Preston. Soloists: Kirkby, Nelson, Walkinson, Elliot, Thomas. You can buy this CD or the MP3s thereof online by searching this information, and in so doing discover many more holy and refined pieces of music. Please feel free to leave a comment if the historical information here is incorrect, or indeed for any other reason. Deo gratias.
Views: 2324 wolfrespecter190
Top Ten Saskatchewanderings Of 2016
 
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Having travelled well over 45,000 kilometres this year I’ve been incredibly fortunate to experience the best of Saskatchewan. The following are what I would consider the top ten experiences of my past year.
Views: 1970 Sask Wanderer
Tino Rangatirangatanga in the year 2013?
 
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Waitangi Day is approaching and cities are gearing up for celebrations. But how does the treaty fit in our everyday lives and what does Tino Rangatiratanga look like in 2013?
Views: 211 Te Karere TVNZ
What is Hussein of Jordan?, Explain Hussein of Jordan, Define Hussein of Jordan
 
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#HusseinofJordan #audioversity ~~~ Hussein of Jordan ~~~ Title: What is Hussein of Jordan?, Explain Hussein of Jordan, Define Hussein of Jordan Created on: 2019-01-02 Source Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussein_of_Jordan ------ Description: Hussein bin Talal reigned as King of Jordan from 11 August 1952 until his death. According to Hussein, he was a 40th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad as he belonged to the Hashemite family which has ruled Jordan since 1921. Hussein was born in Amman as the eldest child of Talal bin Abdullah and Zein Al-Sharaf. Hussein began his schooling in Amman, continuing his education abroad. After Talal became King of Jordan in 1951, Hussein was named heir apparent. The Parliament forced Talal to abdicate a year later due to his illness, and a regency council was appointed until Hussein came of age. He was enthroned at the age of 17 on 2 May 1953. Hussein was married four separate times and fathered eleven children: Princess Alia from Dina bint Abdul-Hamid; Abdullah II, Prince Faisal, Princess Aisha, and Princess Zein from Antoinette Gardiner; Princess Haya and Prince Ali from Alia Touqan; Prince Hamzah, Prince Hashim, Princess Iman, and Princess Raiyah from Lisa Halaby. Hussein, a constitutional monarch, started his rule with what was termed a "liberal experiment", allowing, in 1956, the formation of the only democratically elected government in Jordan's history. A few months into the experiment, he forced that government to resign, declaring martial law and banning political parties. Jordan fought three wars with Israel under Hussein, including the 1967 Six-Day War, which ended in Jordan's loss of the West Bank. In 1970 Hussein expelled Palestinian fighters from Jordan after they had threatened the country's security in what became known as Black September. The King renounced Jordan's ties to the West Bank in 1988 after the Palestine Liberation Organization was recognized internationally as the sole representative of the Palestinians. He lifted martial law and reintroduced elections in 1989 when riots over price hikes spread in southern Jordan. In 1994 he became the second Arab head of state to sign a peace treaty with Israel. At the time of Hussein's accession, Jordan was a young nation and controlled the West Bank. The country had few natural resources, and a large Palestinian refugee population as a result of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Hussein led his country through four turbulent decades of the Arab–Israeli conflict and the Cold War, successfully balancing pressures from Arab nationalists, the Soviet Union, Western countries, and Israel, transforming Jordan by the end of his 46-year reign to a stable modern state. After 1967 he increasingly engaged in efforts to solve the Palestinian problem. He acted as a conciliatory intermediate between various Middle Eastern rivals, and came to be seen as the region's peacemaker. He was revered for pardoning political dissidents and opponents, and giving them senior posts in the government. Hussein, who survived dozens of assassination attempts and plots to overthrow him, was the region's longest-reigning leader. The King died at the age of 63 from cancer on 7 February 1999. His funeral was the largest gathering of world leaders since 1995. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Abdullah II. ------ To see your favorite topic here, fill out this request form: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScU0dLbeWsc01IC0AaO8sgaSgxMFtvBL31c_pjnwEZUiq99Fw/viewform ------ Source: Wikipedia.org articles, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Support: Donations can be made from https://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Ways_to_Give to support Wikimedia Foundation and knowledge sharing.
Views: 114 Audioversity
What is Rangatiratanga?
 
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An introduction to the concept of Rangatiratanga and enhancing leadership and participation in Tāmaki Makaurau | Auckland.
Views: 3845 IMSB Tamaki Makaurau
Ozone: Formation, Depletion and Montreal Protocol (Examrace - Dr. Manishika)
 
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In this lecture Dr. Manishika Jain explains the importance of Ozone, its formation and depletion & pros and cons of Montreal Protocol. Ozone-Oxygen Cycle Ozone: 15-30 km UV-C: Short 𝜆, Most Damaging, Totally filtered by atm. UV-B: Medium 𝜆, Biologically Active, Tanning UV-A: Long 𝜆, 95% of UV, Penetrate deeper layers, ageing and wrinkling, skin cancers Ozone layer: By French physicists Charles Fabry and Henri Buisson in 1913 Ozone hole: Antarctica every spring (discovered by Joseph Farman, Brian Gardiner, & Jonathan Shanklin of British Antarctic Survey in 1985). Ozone Destruction Montreal Protocol Vienna Convention for Protection of Ozone Layer (1985): Protect health Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer: Signed in 1987 & effective 1989. 5 Amendments London Amendment (1990) – 185 nations ratified Copenhagen Amendment (1992) – 176 nations Vienna Amendment (1995) Montreal Amendment (1997) - 152 nations Beijing Amendment (1999) -124 nations Ozone – Oxygen Cycle @0:43 Ozone @4:41 Ozone Destruction @5:51 Stratospheric Halogen Gases @9:34 Montreal Protocol @10:26 5 Amendments @13:02 #Stratospheric #Ozone #Destruction #Biologically #Filtered #Wrinkling #Penetrate #Discovered #Depletion #Protocol #Manishika #Examrace Register: http://www.examrace.com/Updates/UpdateRegister.html For NET Paper 1 Study material refer - http://www.examrace.com/CBSE-UGC-NET/CBSE-UGC-NET-FlexiPrep-Program/Postal-Courses/Examrace-CBSE-UGC-NET-Paper-I-Series.htm
Views: 84246 Examrace
Treaty in schools may help people learn about the Treaty
 
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Kaore ngä mätäpono o Te Tiriti o Waitangi i te whakapumautia i roto i ngä kura o Aotearoa. Koira tetahi o nga whakatau i roto i te purongo a Tari Arotake Mätauranga, no reira ko te patai ia, na te aha i përä ai?
Views: 230 Te Karere TVNZ
Guitar: Take Me Up To Monto
 
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Monto (Take Her Up To Monto) is an Irish folk song, written by George Hodnett and popularised by the Dubliners. I feel there are some terms in this song which probably need some explanation, so here are some of them:- Wing-oAn Irish penny, a pre-decimal coin Ring-o Ringsend (Irish: An Rinn) is a southside inner suburb of Dublin, the capital of Ireland. It is located on the south bank of the River Liffey, about three kilometres east of the city centre, and is the southern terminus of the East Link Toll Bridge. Porter A dark beer Monto This was the nickname for a one-time notorious red light district in Dublin, the capital of Ireland (roughly the area bounded by Talbot Street, Amiens Street, Gardiner Street and Seán McDermott Street (formerly Gloucester Street)). The name is derived from Montgomery Street (now called Foley Street), which runs parallel to the lower end of Talbot Street towards what is now Connolly Station. Dublin Fusiliers,The Royal Dublin Fusiliers was an Irish Infantry Regiment of the British Army, one of eight Irish regiments raised and garrisoned in Ireland, which was disbanded in 1922 under the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. VickyQueen Victoria Carey James Carey (18451883) was a Fenian and informer. Skin-the-goatJames Fitzharris ODonnellPádraig "Mhícheál Airt" Ó Domhnaill or Patrick O'Donnell, (born 1835, in Gweedore, County Donegal, Ireland 17 December 1883, London, UK) was responsible for killing James Carey, leader of the group that carried out the Phoenix Park Murders in Dublin, Ireland InvinciblesThe Irish National Invincibles (Irish: Dosháraithe Náisiúnta na hÉirean,n usually known as "the Invincibles" were a radical splinter group of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, active in Dublin during the 1880s. The PhoenixPhoenix Park, Dublin There is a phrase in the last verse I would like to know the translation for if anyone can help:- Póg mo thóin!
Views: 4866 threelegsoman
Charlie Chaplin - Final Speech from The Great Dictator
 
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• Subscribe to our channel: http://bit.ly/TheChaplinFilms • Get it on iTunes: http://bit.ly/iTunesGreatDictatorSpeech • "We think too much and feel too little. More than machinery we need humanity. More than cleverness we need kindness and gentleness. Without these qualities, life will be violent and all will be lost..." The Great Dictator © Roy Export S.A.S. Learn more about The Great Dictator at http://bit.ly/GreatDictatorFilm • Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CharlieChaplinOfficial • Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChaplinOfficial • Official website: http://www.charliechaplin.com • Spotify: http://bit.ly/SpotifyGDSpeech • Deezer: http://bit.ly/DeezerGDSpeech • Amazon: http://bit.ly/AmazonGDSpeech
Views: 1849527 Charlie Chaplin Official
Chinese gov't officials warn against protectionism ahead of trade talks with U.S.
 
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中주요부처 고위급 G20 브리핑 대거 참석, '보호주의 반대' 포문 Amid the ongoing trade tensions between the U.S. and China, Presidents Donald Trump and Xi Jinping are scheduled to meet later this week at the G20 summit in Japan. And officials from the Chinese government are raising their voices against protectionism. Our Ko Roon-hee explains. Ahead of the trade talks with Washington, Beijing has criticized trade protectionism and called multilateralism. The remarks were made in a news briefing on Monday regarding the G20 summit... by officials from key groups, including the ministries of commerce and foreign affairs. "China is willing to work with all parties to firmly uphold multilateralism. The international community has fully realized the danger of unilateralism, protectionism and bullying, and has raised a strong voice in favor of multilateralism and against protectionism." "One particular country has been insisting on unilateralism and protectionism and abusing trade remedy measures and national security exceptionalism. That country has slapped tariffs on its trading partners, causing major threats to global trade, investment and economic growth. Analysts say China's move is intended to take an advantageous position at the trade negotiations this week... by creating an atmosphere of denunciation of the protectionist trade measures of the United States. As for what China expects from the meeting, Vice Commerce Minister Wang said the two sides should make compromises in their talks... and added that Beijing's principles include mutual respect and equality. Teams from the two sides are currently in negotiations, but officials didn't provide details at the news conference... such as what compromises President Xi might offer to President Trump. The world's two biggest economies have put tariffs on around 360 billion U.S. dollars' worth of each other's goods since last year. Meanwhile, some economists are saying that China can take a tougher stance at the summit. An expert at a Chinese think tank told the South China Morning Post that the direct impact of the trade war is very limited,... citing forecasts that China's economy will grow by 6-point-3 percent this year,... which is within the government's target range. Ko Roon-hee, Arirang News. #protectionism #tradetalks #US #G20summit #China Arirang News Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/arirangtvnews
Views: 502 ARIRANG NEWS
No Deal Means Hard Brexit, May must be informed & removed.
 
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Read the related article with my comment and a full transcription of Article 50 on my website https://felixdemocracy.wordpress.com/2018/11/18/brexit-means-brexit-for-sure-heres-article-50-and-stop-saying-nonsense-about-blocking-brexit/ Theresa May is "interpreting" Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty the opposite way because she's a remainer: no-deal is necessarily hard Brexit, here's why it can never mean no-Brexit and it's May that must be removed and substituted by a much better PM.
Views: 87 Paola Distilo
What's in the Brexit deal?
 
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Subscribe to France 24 now: http://f24.my/youtubeEN FRANCE 24 live news stream: all the latest news 24/7 http://f24.my/YTliveEN Visit our website: http://www.france24.com Subscribe to our YouTube channel: http://f24.my/youtubeEN Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FRANCE24.English Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/France24_en
Views: 1018 FRANCE 24 English
Karakia abates Treaty oath debate, for now
 
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It was one way of acknowledging the Treaty of Waitangi in Parliament. A karakia was held at the House of Representatives before the official swearing in of MPs this afternoon. It was feared that some Māori MPs would refuse to pledge allegiance to the Queen at the ceremony, preferring instead to express a commitment to the Treaty. But it seems the karakia this morning averted the controversy.
Views: 363 Te Karere TVNZ
Washington may be the cause of the market selloff
 
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Wall Street Journal editorial page deputy editor Dan Henninger on how news from Washington has sparked a market selloff.
Views: 2380 Fox Business
Handel Music for the Royal Fireworks Hervé Niquet Le Concert Spirituel at Rheingau
 
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George Frideric Handel [Georg Friedrich Händel] Music for the Royal Fireworks (HWV 351), it is a wind band suite composed by in 1749 under contract of George II of Great Britain for the fireworks in London's Green Park on 27 April 1749. It was to celebrate the end of the War of the Austrian Succession and the signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748. Hervé Niquet conducts Le Concert Spirituel 1.Ouverture: Adagio, Allegro, Lentement, Allegro 0:00 2.Bourrée 7:32 3.La Paix: Largo alla siciliana 9:25 4.La Réjouissance: Allegro 11:00 5.Menuets I and II 13:52 13:01
Tā moko honours family on significant day
 
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When 70-year-old Selwyn Rawiri decided to get a Māori facial moko, he chose the twelfth day of the twelfth month, of the year 2012, at the time of 12.12pm as the date and time to do it. The former member of Māori showband, the Māori Volcanics, also had a special reason for the tattoo.
Views: 23005 Te Karere TVNZ
Annual Conference 2016 - Monday Morning
 
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Full coverage of all activity from conference floor from Monday morning. Watch all the action from Conference floor, as it happens - http://www.labour.org.uk Click here to see our channel- http://bit.ly/1Hv7oHn Click here to subscribe - http://bit.ly/1EE0m0n Click here to get involved - http://bit.ly/1BoAVOl Want to know more about Labour? Website – http://www.labour.org.uk Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/labourparty Twitter - https://twitter.com/uklabour
Views: 5106 Labour Party
Yakama Nation Ewe permit
 
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We have special Yakama Nation Ewe permits and I was able to fill my tag for 2018 on the Yakama Nation Reservation.
Views: 57 Aaron Whitefoot
Coverage of Helsinki Summit as Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump hold historic meeting
 
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After a significant delay in schedule, Mr. Trump and the U.S. delegation have arrived at the Presidential Palace for their day of meetings. The leaders are expected to discuss national security issues as well as the issue of Russian meddling in the 2016 election. Follow live updates: https://www.cbsnews.com/live-news/trump-putin-meeting-us-russia-helsinki-finland-summit-live-updates-today-2018-07-16/ "President Donald J. Trump and President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation will meet on July 16, 2018, in Helsinki, Finland. The two leaders will discuss relations between the United States and Russia and a range of national security issues," the White House statement said. Subscribe to the CBS News Channel HERE: http://youtube.com/cbsnews Watch CBSN live HERE: http://cbsn.ws/1PlLpZ7 Follow CBS News on Instagram HERE: https://www.instagram.com/cbsnews/ Like CBS News on Facebook HERE: http://facebook.com/cbsnews Follow CBS News on Twitter HERE: http://twitter.com/cbsnews Get the latest news and best in original reporting from CBS News delivered to your inbox. Subscribe to newsletters HERE: http://cbsn.ws/1RqHw7T Get your news on the go! Download CBS News mobile apps HERE: http://cbsn.ws/1Xb1WC8 Get new episodes of shows you love across devices the next day, stream CBSN and local news live, and watch full seasons of CBS fan favorites like Star Trek Discovery anytime, anywhere with CBS All Access. Try it free! http://bit.ly/1OQA29B --- CBSN is the first digital streaming news network that will allow Internet-connected consumers to watch live, anchored news coverage on their connected TV and other devices. At launch, the network is available 24/7 and makes all of the resources of CBS News available directly on digital platforms with live, anchored coverage 15 hours each weekday. CBSN. Always On.
Views: 68490 CBS News
Press Availability With New Zealand Prime Minister Bill English
 
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U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and New Zealand Prime Minister Bill English hold a press availability in Wellington, New Zealand on June 5, 2017. A full transcript is available https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2017/06/271598.htm
Māori development 30yrs into the future
 
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The future of Māori, and designing strategies to close the gap between the rich and the poor, were on the agenda at the 2014 Te Pae Roa Forum. Iwi leaders and Māori groups gathered at Massey University to discuss what Māori initiatives have thrived, and what has flopped.
Views: 549 Te Karere TVNZ
WAGNER EPIC DISC 4 Xvid
 
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Views: 100 Max Soundbeam
Paul Newman Maniac Lecture, February 25, 2015
 
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NASA climate scientist Dr. Paul Newman presented a Maniac Talk entitled "Some pretty good rules for a career: Newman's own lessons." Paul traced his journey from middle of Seattle, where he grew up, moved to rural Iowa for graduate school, and made his way to NASA/GSFC in 1984, and discussed lessons to be learned from the ozone depletion story.
Views: 530 GSFC MANIAC
Bizarre moment Yvette Cooper brands May's attempt to win MPs' approval 'REVERSE FERRET'
 
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The Labour Remainer also claimed the Government was attempting to "split a goat's head in two" following House of Commons leader Andrea Leadsom's announcement MPs will be given the chance to vote on Mrs May's withdrawal agreement on Friday night separately from the political declaration. The decision comes despite legislation dictating a Brexit deal could only be ratified by the House of Commons if presented as a whole with both the withdrawal agreement and the political declaration put to a sole vote of the House. Related articles BREXIT CHAOS: Andrea Leadsom to make statement about Commons vote Bill Cash lashes out at Lord Adonis after SHOCKING anti-no deal claim  Ms Cooper said: “This is the original legislation we fought for, the right for this sovereign Parliament to have its say on both things together. “These are two horns on the same goat. The goat’s head cannot be divided as the Government is seeking to do. “This is an extraordinary and unprecedented reverse ferret of the commitments that have been given by ministers to this place that we should have our say on both items together. “And is it no extraordinary that we have this coming right on the day when we know that there are going to be far-right demonstrators gathering in Parliament Square?”Brexit news: Yvette Cooper brands May's motion a 'reverse ferret' (Image: UK PARLIAMENT)Brexit news: Andrea Leadsom announces third vote on withdrawal agreement (Image: UK PARLIAMENT) Commons Leader Ms Leadsom urged MPs to back the deal "so that we can leave the EU in an orderly way that gives businesses and people the certainty that they need". She told the Commons: "Tomorrow's motion gives Parliament the opportunity to secure that extension. "I think we can all agree that we don't want to be in the situation of asking for another extension and facing the potential requirement of participating in European Parliament elections." Labour's shadow leader of the House of Commons, Chris Bryant said: "So far as I understand it the Government, if the motion were carried tomorrow, would not be able to ratify the Withdrawal Agreement treaty."
Views: 20 News 3
Royal Kids -  Senior Brexiteer fuelling violence with ‘vain and bitter’ article about Theresa May, T
 
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1 / 2Senior Brexiteer fuelling violence with ‘vain and bitter’ article about Theresa May, Tory MP saysConservative MPs have accused senior Eurosceptic Sir Bill Cash of fuelling violence against politicians after he accused Theresa May of “abject surrender” and “capitulation” to the EU.Former cabinet minister Nicky Morgan said Sir Bill’s words were “not helpful” while former Foreign Office minister Alistair Burt accused the veteran MP, a senior member of the European Research Group of anti-EU Tories, of a publishing “a vain and bitter article”.MPs will return to Westminster after their Easter break on Tuesday with no solution to the Brexit crisis in sight. Cross-party talks have so far failed to reach an agreement and the UK is on course to take part in EU elections on 23 May, despite the government insisting it can pass a Brexit deal before then.With the House of Commons gripped by deadlock and her deal having been rejected by MPs three times, Ms May was forced to agree another Brexit delay with the EU earlier this month. The UK is now set to leave the bloc on 31 October.Writing in The Sunday Telegraph, Sir Bill said this was an “abject surrender” and accused the prime minister of ”capitulation” and “appeasement”.The comments were strongly condemned by pro-EU Tories.Ms Morgan, a former education secretary, told BBC Radio 4’s Today: “I understand that Sir Bill Cash has written an article in which there are all sorts of phrases about betrayal and capitulation and all the rest of it.“As my colleague Alistair Burt has pointed out, this kind of language is not helpful. It’s not the kind of language that our councillors or frankly any normal people would use.”The MP, who has received death threats, said she saw a link between the type of comments made by Sir Bill and violence directed against MPs.Asked if she believed there was a connection, she said: “I do. I think it’s been shown that the language that MPs or campaigners, mainly in favour of Brexit, are using is stoking up other people, often who are sitting at home watching all this stuff and it gets them really, really angry and fired up and then they say things that they would never say face to face.”She added: “Language is important and the One Nation group of MPs that I am co-chairing has said very clearly that we should all think about the language that we are using in these debates. We need to remember that politics is about much more than Brexit.”Mr Burt, who resigned as a Foreign Office minister last month in order to vote against the government on Brexit, wrote to Sir Bill on Twitter: “A vain and bitter article focused on your prime minister, with your opinions expressed in words such as mendacity, surrender, betrayal, appeasement, bended knee...Does it ever cross your mind what you’re contributing to?”In his article, Sir Bill’s wrote: “In the early hours of 11 April, Theresa May made a statement in Brussels after her abject surrender to the European Council – now a constant feature of her
Views: 4 Royal Kids
Space law
 
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Space law is an area of the law that encompasses national and international law governing activities in outer space. International lawyers have been unable to agree on a uniform definition of the term "outer space", although most lawyers agree that outer space generally begins at the lowest altitude above sea level at which objects can orbit the Earth, approximately 100 km (60 mi). The inception of the field of space law began with the launch of the world's first artificial satellite by the Soviet Union in October 1957. Named Sputnik 1, the satellite was launched as part of the International Geophysical Year. Since that time, space law has evolved and assumed more importance as mankind has increasingly come to use and rely on space-based resources. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 349 Audiopedia
Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) was a statement adopted by the Cabinet of Rhodesia on 11 November 1965, announcing that Rhodesia, a British territory in southern Africa that had governed itself since 1923, now regarded itself as an independent sovereign state. The culmination of a protracted dispute between the British and Rhodesian governments regarding the terms under which the latter could become fully independent, it was the first unilateral break from the United Kingdom by one of its colonies since the United States Declaration of Independence nearly two centuries before. The UK, the Commonwealth and the United Nations all deemed Rhodesia's UDI illegal, and economic sanctions, the first in the UN's history, were imposed on the breakaway colony. Amid near-complete international isolation, Rhodesia continued as an unrecognised state with the assistance of South Africa and Portugal. The Rhodesian government, which mostly comprised members of the country's white minority of about 5%, was indignant when, amid decolonisation and the Wind of Change, less developed African colonies to the north without comparable experience of self-rule quickly advanced to independence during the early 1960s while Rhodesia was refused sovereignty under the newly ascendant principle of "no independence before majority rule" ("NIBMAR"). Most white Rhodesians felt that they were due independence following four decades' self-government, and that the British government was betraying them by withholding it. This combined with the colonial government's acute reluctance to hand over power to black Rhodesians—the manifestation of racial tensions, Cold War anti-communism and the fear that a dystopian Congo-style situation might result—to create the impression that if the UK did not grant independence, Rhodesia might be justified in taking it unilaterally. A stalemate developed between the British and Rhodesian prime ministers, Harold Wilson and Ian Smith respectively, between 1964 and 1965. Dispute largely surrounded the British condition that the terms for independence had to be acceptable "to the people of the country as a whole"; Smith contended that this was met, while the UK and black Rhodesian leaders held that it was not. After Wilson proposed in late October 1965 that the UK might safeguard future black representation in the Rhodesian parliament by withdrawing some of the colonial government's devolved powers, then presented terms for an investigatory Royal Commission that the Rhodesians found unacceptable, Smith and his Cabinet declared independence. Calling this treasonous, the British colonial governor, Sir Humphrey Gibbs, formally dismissed Smith and his government, but they ignored him and appointed an "Officer Administering the Government" to take his place. While no country recognised the UDI, the Rhodesian High Court deemed the post-UDI government legal and de jure in 1968. The Smith administration initially professed continued loyalty to Queen Elizabeth II, but abandoned this in 1970 when it declared a republic in an unsuccessful attempt to win foreign recognition. The Rhodesian Bush War, a guerrilla conflict between the government and two rival communist-backed black Rhodesian groups, began in earnest two years later, and after several attempts to end the war Smith concluded the Internal Settlement with non-militant nationalists in 1978. Under these terms the country was reconstituted under black rule as Zimbabwe Rhodesia in June 1979, but this new order was rejected by the guerrillas and the international community. The Bush War continued until Zimbabwe Rhodesia revoked its UDI as part of the Lancaster House Agreement in December 1979. Following a brief period of direct British rule, the country was granted internationally recognised independence under the name Zimbabwe in 1980.
Views: 157 wikipedia tts
Dansk Gastro Kalv - Kalvekød modnet i 6 måneder
 
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Som en del af vores Dansk Gastro Kalv koncept har vi nu også modnet en begrænset mængde i ikke mindre end 6 måneder. Se her, hvordan sådan et stykke kød skæres og pudses. Der er tale om noget af Danmarks bedste kalvekød med en helt ufattelig baggrundshistorie. Dansk Gastro Kalv føres eksklusivt af AB Catering, BC Catering og inco.
Views: 113 Dansk Cater
Tithe
 
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A tithe (/ˈtaɪð/; from Old English: teogoþa "tenth") is a one-tenth part of something, paid as a contribution to a religious organization or compulsory tax to government. Today, tithes are normally voluntary and paid in cash, cheques, or stocks, whereas historically tithes were required and paid in kind, such as agricultural products. Several European countries operate a formal process linked to the tax system allowing some churches to assess tithes. Traditional Jewish law and practice has included various forms of tithing since ancient times. Orthodox Jews commonly practice ma'aser kesafim (tithing 10% of their income to charity). In modern Israel, Jews continue to follow the laws of agricultural tithing, e.g., ma'aser rishon, terumat ma'aser, and ma'aser sheni. In Christianity, some interpretations of Biblical teachings conclude that although tithing was practiced extensively in the Old Testament, it was never practiced or taught within the first-century Church. Instead, the New Testament scriptures are seen as teaching the concept of "freewill offerings" as a means of supporting the church: 1 Corinthians 16:2, 2 Corinthians 9:7. Also, some of the earliest groups sold everything they had and held the proceeds in common to be used for the furtherance of the Gospel: Acts 2:44-47, Acts 4:34-35. Further, Acts 5:1-20 contains the account of a man and wife (Ananias and Sapphira) who were living in one of these groups. They sold a piece of property and donated only part of the selling price to the church but claimed to have given the whole amount and immediately fell down and died when confronted by the apostle Peter over their dishonesty. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 105 Audiopedia