With the Time Warner - Comcast merger knowing the basics to the Sherman Anti-Trust is essential. Non patronizing, fun and focused, let HipHughes help you grow your brain! Be sure to subscribe to HipHughes History and pay it forward! http://bit.ly/hiphughes
Views: 70831 Hip Hughes
I made this in 11th grade for a project, please don’t be mean Blaine, Mary Kate. "Rise of the Populists and William Jennings Bryan." GilderLehrmen.org. The Gilder Lehrmen Institute Of American History, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2015. Campbell, Ballard C. "Panic of 1893." Disasters, Accidents, and Crises in American History. Facts On File, 2008. American History Online. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. Divine, Robert A., T. H. Breen, George M. Fredrickson, R. Hal Williams, Ariela Julie. Gross, and H. W. Brands. "Chapter 20: Political Realignments in the 1890s." America Past and Present. Ninth ed. Boston: Longman, 2011. 501-19. Print. Grover Cleveland - Second Term. Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2015. "Panic of 1893." Brill’s New Jacoby (n.d.): 1-3. Saylor.org. Saylor Academy. Web. 10 Oct. 2015. "Panic of 1893." Ohio History Central. Ohio History Connection, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2015. "Sherman Silver Purchase Act." United States History. Online Highways LLC, 2015. Web. 09 Oct. 2015. Smith, Carl. "Pullman Strike." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society, 2005. Web. 09 Oct. 2015.
Views: 11216 Seana Cleary
The campaign of 1888 between Grover Cleveland and Benjamin Harrison plays up the economic differences between the parties. It is also one of the closest elections in American history with Harrison winning an electoral majority but losing the popular vote to Cleveland by 100,000. Almost immediately Congress begins to confront some of the more pressing issues of the day with passage of the McKinley Tariff, the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, and the Dependent Pension Bill. Public pressure builds for railroad legislation, which Congress grudgingly passes with the Interstate Commerce Act. Americans, wary of activist government; hand Republicans a major loss in the mid-year elections of 1890. Two years later Harrison secures his party's nomination over Blaine but cannot generate enough enthusiasm to defeat the Democratic nominee Grover Cleveland.
Views: 596 INTELECOM
What is BLAND-ALLISON ACT? What does BLAND-ALLISON ACT mean? BLAND-ALLISON ACT meaning - BLAND-ALLISON ACT definition - BLAND-ALLISON ACT explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. The Bland–Allison Act, also referred to as the Grand Bland Plan of 1878, was an act of United States Congress requiring the U.S. Treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars. Though the bill was vetoed by President Rutherford B. Hayes, the Congress overrode Hayes' veto on February 28, 1878 to enact the law. The five-year depression following the Panic of 1873 caused cheap-money advocates (led by Representative Richard P. Bland, a Democrat of Missouri), to join with silver-producing interests in urging a return to bimetallism, the use of both silver and gold as a standard. Coupled with Senator William B. Allison of Iowa, they agreed to a proposal that allowed silver to be purchased at market rates, metals to be minted into silver dollars, and required the US Treasury to purchase between $2 million to $4 million silver each month from western mines. President Rutherford B. Hayes, who held interests in industrials and banking, vetoed the measure, which was overturned by Congress. As a result, the Hayes administration purchased the limited amount of silver each month. This act helped restore bimetallism with gold and silver both supporting the currency. However, gold remained heavily favored over silver, paving way for the gold standard. The free-silver movement of the late 19th century advocated the unlimited coinage of silver, which would have resulted in inflationary monetary policy. In 1873, Congress had removed the usage of silver dollar from the list of authorized coins under the Coinage Act of 1873 (referred to by opponents as 'the Crime of '73'"). Although the Bland-Allison Act of 1878 directed the Treasury to purchase silver from the "best-western" miners, President Grover Cleveland repealed the act in 1893. Advocates of free silver included owners of silver mines in the West, farmers who believed an inclusion of silver would increase crop prices, and debtors who believed would alleviate their debts. Although the free silver movement ended, the debate of inflation and monetary policy continues to this day. The Fourth Coinage Act acknowledged the gold standard over silver. Those who advocated for silver labeled this act as the Crime of '73. As a result of demonetized silver, gold became the only metallic standard in the United States and became the default standard. The price of gold was more stable than that of silver, largely due to silver discoveries in Nevada and other places in the West, and the price of silver to gold declined from 16-to-1 in 1873 to nearly 30-to-1 by 1893. The term limping bimetallism describes this problem. The U.S. government finally ceded to pressure from the western mining states and the Bland-Allison Act went into effect in 1878, which was replaced by the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890. The law was replaced in 1890 by the similar Sherman Silver Purchase Act, which in turn was repealed by Congress in 1893. These were two instances where the United States attempted to establish bimetallic standards in the long run. Western miners and debtors regarded the Bland-Allison Act as an insufficient measure to enforce unlimited coinage of silver, but opponents repealed the act and advocated for the gold standard. The effect of the Bland-Allison act was also blunted by the minimal purchase of silver required by the Hayes administration. Although the act was a near turning point for bimetallism, gold continued to be favored over the bimetallism standard. Throughout 1860 to 1871, several attempts were made by the Treasury to establish the bimetallic standard by having gold and silver franc. However, the discovery of silver led to an influx of supply, lowering the price of silver. The eventual removal of the bimetallic standard, including the Bland-Allison Act and the acceptance of the gold standard formed the monetary stability in the late 19th century. The limitation placed on the supply of new notes and the Treasury control over the issue of new notes allowed for economic stability. Prior to the acceptance, the devaluation of silver forced local governments into a financial turmoil. In addition, there was a need for money supply to increase as the credit system expanded and large banks established themselves across states.
Views: 314 The Audiopedia
► SUSCRIBETE Y ACTIVA LA CAMPANA. COMPARTE EL VÍDEO, LIKE... ►FACEBOOK:https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100008409753097 ►FANPAGE WED:https://www.facebook.com/Coleccionista-De-Billetes-Y-Monedas-174491879824309/?modal=admin_todo_tour El dólar de Morgan era una moneda del dólar de Estados Unidos acuñada a partir de 1878 a 1904, y otra vez en 1921. Era el primer dólar de plata estándar acuñado desde que la producción del diseño anterior, el dólar de la libertad asentado , cesó debido al paso del acto de la moneda 1873 , que también terminó la acuñación libre de plata . La moneda se nombra después de su diseñador, United States Mint Assistant Grabador George T. Morgan . El anverso representa un retrato del perfil que representa la libertad , mientras que el revés representa un águila con las alas outstretched. El dólar fue autorizado por la Ley Bland-Allison . Después de la aprobación de la ley de 1873, los intereses mineros presionaron para restaurar la plata libre, lo que requeriría que la Menta aceptara toda la plata que se le presentara y la devolviera, golpeada en moneda. En cambio, se aprobó la Ley Bland-Allison, que exigía que el Tesoro comprara entre dos y cuatro millones de dólares de plata al valor de mercado para ser acuñado en dólares cada mes. En 1890, la Ley Bland-Allison fue derogada por la Ley de Compra de Plata Sherman , que exigía que el Tesoro comprara 4.500.000 onzas troy (140.000 kg) de plata cada mes, pero solo requirió más producción de dólares de plata por un año. Este acto, una vez más, fue derogado en 1893.
Views: 922 Coleccion De Monedas Y Billetes ,
Bob Bair takes us through the story of the Morgan Dollar and the versions of this coin that Amagi Metals will have available. Follow the timeline: 1859 - Comstock Load was discovered 1878 - The Bland-Allison Act was signed 1893 - The Sherman Silver Purchase Act continued the Bland-Allison and lasted until 1904. No Morgan dollars from 1905-1920, then they were minted again in 1921 to fulfill an order for Britain who needed silver to sell to India. Learn more at https://www.amagimetals.com/world-of-numismatics
Views: 1825 Amagi Metals
Historical Excerpts on Gold and Silver from "A Practical Book for Practical People". A mix of personal input, and articles written by R.P. Bland (of the 1878 Bland-Allison Act, which authorized millions of Morgan dollars to be minted) and Wikipedia. At 5:50 I made an error; "'Dick' is another name for 'Richard'", is what I meant to say.
Views: 30 Entrepreneur's Wingman
LEO SCULLY: In eighteen seventy-nine, a new form of business organization was developed -- the trust. In a trust, stock owners of many competing companies give control of their stock to a committee, or group, of trustees. The trustees operate all the companies as one and pay profits to the stockholders. The profits would be high, because there would be no competition to drive down prices. One of the first trusts was formed by John D. Rockefeller in the oil industry. The stockholders of seventy-seven oil companies gave control of their stock to nine trustees of Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company. The nine men controlled ninety per cent of the nation's oil production. JACK WEITZEL: The success of the Standard Oil Company led to the creation of trusts in other industries. Soon there was a sugar trust, a salt trust, a steel trust, even a whisky trust. These huge corporations represented hundreds of millions of dollars. This great wealth made them very powerful. Public demands for action led the governments of fifteen states to pass anti-trust laws. But the state laws could do nothing. Most of the trusts were nationwide corporations which did business in many states. Public protest was so great that both parties in the eighteen eighty-eight elections promised to pass a federal law against trusts. JACK WEITZEL: A number of such bills were proposed. One offered by Senator John Sherman, a Republican, was approved by Congress. President Benjamin Harrison signed it into law in eighteen ninety. The Sherman Anti-trust Law sounded severe. It said it was illegal for a trust or any other organization to interfere with interstate commerce -- trade among the states. It was also illegal for any person or organization to form a monopoly -- to get control of a whole industry. The law ordered harsh punishment for any person found guilty of these crimes. It sounded like a strong law. But it was not. It was written in a very general way that left the courts to decide what the law really said. Opponents of the Sherman Anti-Trust Bill said its purpose was not to destroy trusts, but to make the public believe that trusts would be destroyed. So, Republican Congressman William McKinley of Ohio proposed a new tariff bill -- one that would raise import taxes higher than ever before. The tax already was about thirty-eight percent on most imported products. The new measure would raise it to almost fifty percent. JACK WEITZEL: Most western and southern congressmen opposed the tariff bill, because it would mean higher prices to the people of their states. But the bill could not pass without the support of some of them. So, supporters of the tariff bill offered a deal. If westerners voted for the tariff measure, then eastern lawmakers would support a silver purchase bill that the westerners wanted. The bill, known as the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, would have the government buy four-and-one-half-million ounces of silver each month. The government would pay for the silver with paper money -- treasury notes -- which could be exchanged for gold or silver money. LEO SCULLY: Western mines were producing huge amounts of silver. By selling it to the government, the mining interests hoped to keep the price of silver from falling. Western interests spoke in Congress now with a much stronger voice. In eighteen eighty-nine and eighteen ninety, six western territories became states. This added twelve more western representatives in the Senate and others in the House. The deal was agreed to. Both the McKinley Tariff Bill and the Sherman Silver Purchase Bill were approved by Congress and signed by President Harrison. As expected, the price of imported goods rose. And the people blamed the Republicans. JACK WEITZEL: In the congressional elections of eighteen ninety, the Republican Party suffered heavy losses. The Republican majority in the Senate was cut to eight. And not all the Republican senators would support the party on every issue. The Republicans lost control in the House of Representatives. Only eighty-eight were elected to House seats. Democrats elected two hundred thirty-five Representatives. Voters also elected nine House members and two Senators from a new political organization -- the People's Party. The new party was born in farming areas of the West and South. It was a party of protest, formed by men who refused to support either of the two old parties. A few years later, farmers began to build new organizations. Like the granges, they began as social and economic groups. By the late eighteen eighties, many of these groups had united into two large organizations. One, with more than one million members, was the Southern Alliance. The other, with fewer members, was the National Farmers' Alliance. Members of the two groups began to unite for political action. That will be our story on the next program of THE MAKING OF A NATION
Views: 1937 ListenAndReadAlong
Welcome to the MAKING OF A NATION -- American history in VOA Special English. President Cleveland believed that high tariffs hurt more Americans than they protected. High tariffs, he said, led to high prices on all products. He also opposed high tariffs because they brought in more money than the government needed. The extra money was kept in the public treasury. And this, Cleveland believed, slowed the American economy. The president's Democratic Party united to support his policy of lowering tariffs. When the party held its presidential nominating convention in eighteen eighty-eight, delegates quickly re-nominated Cleveland. Benjamin Harrison was the grandson of the ninth President of the United States, William Henry Harrison. Benjamin was a lawyer. He had been a General in the Union Army during America's Civil War of the eighteen sixties. After nominating Harrison, the Republicans approved a strong policy statement on the tariff question. The statement said: "We fully support the American system of protection. President Cleveland and his party serve the interests of Europe. We would support the interests of America. We would see all other taxes ended before we surrender any part of the protective tariff system." Benjamin Harrison's campaign was well-organized. His campaign workers went to businessmen who had become rich because of high protective tariffs. They asked for support, and the businessmen gave millions of dollars to the campaign. The businessmen also put pressure on the people who worked for them. They warned workers that if Cleveland were re-elected, there might be no more jobs. Republican Party leaders took an active part in the campaign of eighteen eighty-eight. They made speeches and led parades across the country. The party also printed millions of pamphlets that warned against what it called "Cleveland's free trade policies." Grover Cleveland's campaign was not well-organized. It started slowly. It did not raise much money. No effort was made to answer Republican attacks on the tariff issue. And the president himself refused to campaign. He said he had more important things to do. The Democrats also failed to stop the Republicans from buying votes on election day. In Indiana, for example, men were paid fifteen dollars to vote for the Republican candidate. The Democrats bought votes, too. But they had less money to spend than the Republicans. When the popular votes were counted, Cleveland had about one hundred thousand more than Harrison. But Harrison had more electoral votes. He won the election. Grover Cleveland had mixed feelings about his defeat. He wanted to win, because he believed his policies were best for the country. He said he was not sorry that he had made tariffs the major issue in the campaign. "I do not regret it," he said. "It is better to be defeated battling for an honest idea, than to win by a cowardly trick." When President Cleveland and his wife left the White House, Missus Cleveland said goodbye to the servants. She told one of them: "I want you to take good care of all the furniture and other things in the house. I want to find everything the same when we come back...four years from now." Wanamaker and other party leaders criticized Harrison. They said they could not build a strong party organization without promising government jobs to voters. So, President Harrison suspended the civil service laws that protected postal workers. Within a year, thirty thousand Democrats were removed from the department. Their jobs went to Republicans. The president then announced that the post office would, once again, be protected by the civil service laws. Former President Cleveland had been troubled by the extra money in the federal treasury. This was tax money the government collected, but did not use. Most of the extra money came from high protective tariffs on imported products. Cleveland wanted to reduce the surplus by reducing the tariffs. President Harrison decided to reduce the surplus, too. But he would do it by increasing government spending, not by cutting taxes. Congress agreed. It became the first Congress to spend one thousand million dollars. Much of the money was spent on payments to men who had fought in the Union Army during the Civil War. These payments cost the government more than one hundred million dollars a year. Congress also approved millions of dollars for government projects in the home states of important congressmen. This was called "pork barrel" spending. It paid for new roads, bridges, and government buildings -- for almost anything the congressmen wanted. Congress reduced the surplus even more by approving money to build coastal defenses and to buy warships for the Navy. The American Congress passed several historic pieces of legislation during Benjamin Harrison's administration: The Sherman Anti-Trust Act. The Sherman Silver Purchase Act. And the McKinley Tariff. That will be our story next week.
Views: 3240 ListenAndReadAlong
00:00:00 Introduction : Morgan dollar 00:02:48 Part 1: Background 00:05:44 Part 2: Design history 00:08:36 Part 3: Production 00:11:04 Part 4: Sherman Silver Purchase Act, Panic of Eighteen 93 00:13:11 Part 5: Pittman Act 00:15:27 Part 6: Carson City Mint Morgan dollars 00:17:52 Part 7: San Francisco commemorative dollar 00:18:57 Part 8: Mintage figures 00:19:24 Postscript : Information about this video and recording. Audiobook for wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgan_dollar All text, either derivative works from Wikipedia Articles or original content shared here, is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Full list of authors for the original content: xtools.wmflabs.org/articleinfo/en.wikipedia.org/Morgan_dollar www.patreon.com/FrogCast www.paypal.me/FrogCast 00:00:00 Felix Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Nightʼs Dream, Op.61 - Song With Choir (European Archive) (CC)(PD) https://musopen.org/music/317-a-midsummer-nights-dream-op-61.mp3 00:04:23 Max Puchat: String Quartet, Op.25 - II. Intermezzo. Andante Con Moto, Quasi Allegretto (Steve's Bedroom Band) (CC)(BY) https://musopen.org/music/43636-string-quartet-op25.mp3 00:11:15 Jan Brandts Buys: String Sextet, Op.40 - III. Scherzo Allegro Molto (Steve's Bedroom Band) (CC)(BY) https://musopen.org/music/30798-string-sextet-op-40.mp3 00:15:42 Giuseppe Verdi: V. Rigoletto (Mado Robin) (CC)(PD) https://musopen.org/music/43926-mado-robin-recital.mp3
Views: 1 FrogCast
You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.subbable.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Also, if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps keep the channel producing great content. In which John Green teaches you about the Gilded Age and its politics. What, you may ask, is the Gilded Age? The term comes from a book by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner titled, "The Gilded Age." You may see a pattern emerging here. It started in the 1870s and continued on until the turn of the 20th century. The era is called Gilded because of the massive inequality that existed in the United States. Gilded Age politics were marked by a number of phenomenons, most of them having to do with corruption. On the local and state level, political machines wielded enormous power. John gets into details about the most famous political machine, Tammany Hall. Tammany Hall ran New York City for a long, long time, notably under Boss Tweed. Graft, kickbacks, and voter fraud were rampant, but not just at the local level. Ulysses S. Grant ran one of the most scandalous presidential administrations in U.S. history, and John will tell you about two of the best known scandals, the Credit Mobilier scandal and the Whiskey Ring. There were a few attempts at reform during this time, notably the Civil Service Act of 1883 and the Sherman Anti-trust act of 1890. John will also get into the Grange Movement of the western farmers, and the Populist Party that arose from that movement. The Populists, who threw in their lot with William Jennings Bryan, never managed to get it together and win a presidency, and they faded after 1896. Which brings us to the Progressive Era, which we'll get into next week! Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. The Gilded Age was marked by the success of the richest coupled with inequality and corruption. Repeated factory disasters, such as the triangle shirtwaist factory fire revealed the unsafe working conditions of the urban poor: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-triangle-shirtwaist-factory-fire Meanwhile, workers began to join unions and strike for better working conditions: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-coeur-d-alene-miners-uprising Like us: facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow Us! @TheCrashCourse @realjohngreen @crashcoursestan @raoulmeyer @thoughtbubbler @br8dybrunch
Views: 1980401 CrashCourse
SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/A24subscribe From Paul Schrader and starring Ethan Hawke, Amanda Seyfried, and Cedric Kyles. First Reformed – Now available for rent or purchase (links below). RELEASE DATE: May 18, 2018 DIRECTOR: Paul Schrader CAST: Ethan Hawke, Amanda Seyfried, and Cedric Kyles Visit First Reformed WEBSITE: http://firstreformedmovie.com Like First Reformed on FACEBOOK: http://bit.ly/FirstReformedFB Follow First Reformed on Twitter: http://bit.ly/FirstReformedTW Follow First Reformed on Instagram: http://bit.ly/FirstReformedIG ------ NOW AVAILABLE FOR RENT OR PURCHASE! Rent or buy it on iTUNES: http://bit.ly/FR_iTunes Rent or buy it on AMAZON: http://bit.ly/FR_Amazon Rent or buy it on YouTube: http://bit.ly/FirstReformed_YouTube ABOUT A24: Official YouTube channel for A24, the studio behind Moonlight, Lady Bird, The Disaster Artist, The Florida Project, The Witch, Ex Machina & more. Coming Soon: Lean on Pete, Hereditary, Eighth Grade, Under the Silver Lake Subscribe to A24's NEWSLETTER: http://bit.ly/A24signup Visit A24 WEBSITE: http://bit.ly/A24filmsdotcom Like A24 on FACEBOOK: http://bit.ly/FBA24 Follow A24 on TWITTER: http://bit.ly/TweetA24 Follow A24 on INSTAGRAM: http://bit.ly/InstaA24 First Reformed | Official Trailer HD | A24
Views: 5487380 A24
Follow me on Twitter https://twitter.com/#!/WORICP Checkout my Tshirt Shop http://wingsofredemption.spreadshirt.com/ I would put my facebook but I never use it! Check out my Series with Redneck on Minecraft. Please Leave Suggestions for Future Videos and What you've enjoyed.
Views: 6914 Jordie Jordan
http://rarecoinwarehouse.com/morgan-silver-dollars.html The Morgan Silver Dollar was the United States One Dollar coin from 1878 to 1921(excluding 1905 through 1920). It contains .77 Troy Ounces of .900 fine silver. It arguably remains one of the most beautiful and most popular collectible US coins for over 130 years now. It was named after its' designer George T. Morgan and it depicts Lady Liberty in fine detail on the obverse and a majestic eagle with wings spread on the reverse... a truly beautiful design. The dollar was authorized by the Bland-Allison Act in 1878. This act required that the United States Treasury purchase between 2 and 4 Million Dollars worth of silver per month. This silver was to be struck into $1 coins at the former ratio of gold to silver which is 16:1. This ratio states that 16 ounces of silver has the same value as 1 ounce of gold. Morgan's original design was to be for the half dollar, but he was instructed to replace the "Half Dollar" etching on the coin with "One Dollar" and to create a reverse with a bald eagle, which is a symbol of strength and integrity for the United States. Most Morgan Dollars were produced by the Philadelphia Mint, but after some design flaws were corrected, such as a lower relief and the switch from 8 tail feathers to 7 tail feathers on the Eagle on the reverse, the western mints began production in 1879. The Morgan was produced in the following locations: Philadelphia Mint, San Francisco Mint, New Orleans Mint, Carson City Mint and the Denver Mint, which was founded in 1906 and only struck the coin in 1921. The Sherman Silver Purchase Act on July 14, 1890 caused a hiccup in production of the dollar. It stated that the US Treasury was required to purchase 4.5 million ounces of silver per month and create 2 million coins per month until 1891. Since there was already an abundance of silver dollars at that time, the production of the coin took a sharp decline from 1892-1895, which is why coins from these years are scarcer and more valuable, depending of course on rarity and condition. The 2 rarest and most valuable coins are the 1893-S and 1895-P with very few examples known in existence.
Views: 1262 Dennis Berry
My Experience Selling to Apmex. What metals did i keep and more!
Views: 8043 themicmac88
Stomp around with us in Elkhorn in the southwestern part of our state of Montana. Silver was initially discovered in the Elkhorn Mountains and over $14 million in silver was carried from the mines in the area. In 1890, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act passed, creating a high demand for Elkhorn's silver. During this peak period, Elkhorn boasted 2,500 inhabitants, a school, hotel, church, stores, saloons, and brothels. Unlike most mining towns, Elkhorn was populated mostly by married European immigrants. In 1893 the Fraternity Hall was constructed for social gatherings, and still remains as one of the most well-preserved buildings in modern Elkhorn. In the years following, the silver boom and Elkhorn's prosperity began to lessen as the desire for silver decreased. A diphtheria epidemic also struck Elkhorn, resulting in many deaths, particularly of children. Soon after, railroad service to Elkhorn was halted and only a fraction of the original inhabitants remained. This sequence was shot in the summer of 2001. An updated HD video captured in 2015 is here: https://youtu.be/VBvlLPSrTsE Music: Amazing Plan -- Distressed ISRC: US-UAN-11-00738 by Kevin MacLeod, (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons "Attribution 3.0"
Views: 5524 davidegg22
For the instrumental I used the song Talk by BIg Deal, who's album Lights Out was just released on April 2, 2012. Sorry for the mess ups, I was extremely tired...believe me I will never procrastinate again! Hope you enjoy! Lyrics by Candice Renaud. Here are the lyrics: President Washington was the first of a long line, Adams was a Federalist with his Sedition Act, Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory and faced the Embargo Act, In Madison's War of 1812, the British took Washington, Monroe's Missouri Compromise and Doctrine were well-known. John Quincy Adams improved transportation, Jackson's harsh removal act staged the Trail of Tears, Van Buren dealt with the financial panic of 1837, Harrison only survived one month as president. John Tyler began the War in Mexico, Polk argued with Britain over Oregon land, Zachary Taylor passed the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, Millard Fillmore's Compromise of 1850 included the Fugitive Slave Act. Franklin Pierce had his Kansas-Nebraska Act, James Buchanan never married, Lincoln led the Union in the Civil War, Andrew Johnson never ran but replaced the murdered Lincoln. Grant offered hope but brought nothing after war, Hayes barely won and preceded Reconstruction, Garfield was shot after only one year, Arthur made it harder to get into office. Cleveland was the first Democrat in the White House since the Civil War, The First Pan American Congress met under Ben Harrison, Cleveland came back with the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, McKinley passed the highest tariff in America's history. Teddy Roosevelt busted trusts and made the Panama Canal, Taft supported natural resource conservation, Wilson led us during World War I, Harding was plagued by scandals, Calvin Coolidge restricted immigration. Hoover was blamed for the Great Depression, FDR served a record of three terms, Truman dropped atomic bombs and sponsored NATO, Eisenhower used Federal troops to enforce desegregation. JFK made the Peace Corps and he funded NASA, Johnson declared the war on poverty, Nixon he had to resign because of the Watergate incident, Gerald Ford was never elected to president or VP, Jimmy Carter had to deal with the Iran Hostage Crisis, Reagan cut taxes but created budget deficits. There are the first 40 presidents to reign over America. There's no more for my project, so this is the end. I hope that this helps you remember all of them.
Views: 449 Candice Renaud
Lion City and Hecla Mines - A Montana Ghost Town - near Melrose, Montana MT Join us for a 15 mile journey starting at Melrose, traveling west through Glendale and working our way up Trapper Creek drainage to Lion City and Hecla Mines located 9,000 feet above sea-level. The road was a bit rough in some places and excellent in others. A high clearance vehicle or an ATV is recommended. No cars, motorhomes or tow trailers should attempt this road. This was my first visit to Lion City. A few years ago I captured the ghost town of Glendale (with the smelter chimney stack) https://youtu.be/uUFBsN7JWvs and the charcoal kilns (in the next drainage) https://youtu.be/SEig14IpEds with my first drone. We couldn’t have asked for a better day! The weather was grand but we had some wind (the drone could care less)! We had six cameras taking stills and video. I could have made this video over two hours long but then again, who would want to watch it? My goal was to produce a 7 minute video but I could only compress it down to 14 minutes to tell my story. The Hecla Mines on Lion Mountain are amazing. You can see adits (openings to horizontal mines) to 20 miles of underground tunnels. Miners had to climb stairs to enter these openings in order to go to work extracting ore that contained silver, lead and copper. The ore was transported to the stamp mill four miles away by overhead cable cars and then transported to Glendale for smelting. All the trees you see have grown since the 1890’s since all timber was stripped from the hills to feed the smelters blast furnaces. Silver mining came to a virtual standstill with the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act in 1893. Sporadic mining occurred until 1922. This sequence was captured with a GoPro Hero5 Session (front view), Mobius action cam (inside view), DJI Phantom 3 Advanced (aerial views), Canon Vixia HFS100 (cabin views), Panasonic camera (mine views) and a Samsung Galaxy 5 (miscellaneous views). Editing was completed with Adobe Premier. Many thanks to Peter, my friend from Austria and his dog Emily for the entertainment and most of the still images used in this production. Music used: "Aretes", "Gnarled Situation", "Gymnopedie No. 1"and "Virtutes Instrumenti" by Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 772 davidegg22
The 2 Silver Bros. Take a Tour of Smuggler Mine in Aspen, Colorado. The Tour Guide Jay Was an Amazing Guy! He Gave the Boys a Ride on One of the Flatbed Mine Carts, and Let Them Hammer Away on Some of The Ore, and Even Let Them Take Away A Few Pieces They Hammered Out. This Tour is Highly Recommended it Was Super Fun and Interesting Learning All The History of The Mine and The Area. Jay Gave us a Day to Remember! Thanks Again! Here is a Little History of The Smuggler Mine From Wikipedia. The Smuggler Mine is located on the slopes of Smuggler Mountain, on the north edge of Aspen, Colorado, United States. It is the oldest operating silver mine in the Aspen mining district, and one of the few still operating from Aspen's early boom years. In 1987 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The largest silver nugget ever mined, weighing 1840 lbs (834.6 kg) came from Smuggler. At its peak the mine was responsible for nearly one-fifth of the world's total silver output. Its extensive tunnel system reaches more than a thousand feet (300 m) below the entrance, extending under the city of Aspen, although most of the lower tunnels are presently flooded.Smuggler was one of the few mines in the Aspen area to reopen after the 1893 repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act. It continued producing ore until 1918, and was reopened in the 1970s. In 1984 it was designated a Superfund site after tests found high levels of lead and cadmium in the soil. It took the Environmental Protection Agency 12 years to clean up the site. While it is estimated that nearly a million pounds (400,000 kg) of recoverable ore remain in the mine, it is used as much for tours today as mining.
Views: 422 2 Silver Bros.
The Clayton Antitrust Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act are both about controlling monopolies. ...Trust us.
Views: 981 Shmoop
Elkhorn, a Montana ghost town in HD, is near Boulder, Montana. Join me as I explore Elkhorn ghost town in the southwestern part of our state of Montana. Silver was initially discovered in the Elkhorn Mountains and over $14 million in silver was carried from the mines in the area. In 1890, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act passed, creating a high demand for Elkhorn's silver. During this peak period, Elkhorn boasted 2,500 inhabitants, a school, hotel, church, stores, saloons, and brothels. Unlike most mining towns, Elkhorn was populated mostly by married European immigrants. In 1893 the Fraternity Hall was constructed for social gatherings, and still remains as one of the most well-preserved buildings in Elkhorn. In the years following, the silver boom and Elkhorn's prosperity began to lessen as the desire for silver decreased. A diphtheria epidemic also struck Elkhorn, resulting in many deaths, particularly of children. Soon after, railroad service to Elkhorn was halted and only a fraction of the original inhabitants remained. This was my second journey to Elkhorn ghost town. The first expedition was in 2001. I took a few pictures and made a slideshow https://youtu.be/f8fP7Yglon8 Thinking back, I believe the town had only a couple of hardy souls living there. Boy was I surprised when I arrived in town. Not only did I have a flat tire, but many cabins have been renovated and the year-round population is now up to ten! Most residents are descendants of early miners and shopkeepers. Everyone I met was extremely friendly and related stories of relatives who worked, built cabins or were buried in the cemetery. Elkhorn John was the first resident I met. He lives across the street west from the Elkhorn State Park, the smallest state park in Montana. The park consists of two buildings, the Gillian Hall and the Fraternity Hall. Elkhorn John lives in a cabin built by his grandfather in 1892! He, along with his two friendly dogs, opened up the fire hall and aired up my flat tire. This did not fix the problem but it did tell us where the rock hole was! Replacing the flat with my spare was my next project. I also met Tom and a friend of his. Tom lives across the street north of the state park. He assisted me in replacing my flat tire with my spare tire. His friend actually went looking for a spare when we were having difficulties removing my spare from under the truck. Tom filled the spare with his portable compressor since it was also low on air (a new tire but had not been checked for air since it was new, six years ago!) Tom related a few stories about Elkhorn. As a teenager, he assisted in the Elkhorn Mine delivering dynamite to the blasters (at 500 to 1800 feet underground!) His grandfather built a cabin on the land where he now lives. Tom recommended I visit the cemetery and also the old railroad water tower built in 1889 by the Northern Pacific Railroad. The water tower and short-line railroad from Boulder were active until rail service was discontinued in 1914. The 48,000 gallon water tower is the last-known example of a first-generation Northern Pacific wooden water tank which, because of its 6,000-ft. altitude, included a wooden skirt around the tank supporting structure. Another person I met was just leaving the cemetery when I arrived. She is from Helena and her great grandfather was buried here. He died during the Diphtheria epidemic that hit the town especially hard from 1884-1889. Now, THAT’S a lot of history in my short four hour stay in Elkhorn ghost town! I just wish I had budgeted more time. The next sojourn will be sooner than 15 years from now, for sure! This sequence was captured with a DJI camera on a Phantom 3 Advanced quad copter (aka drone or UAV) and a Canon Vixia HFS-100 camera. Post production utilized Adobe Premier Pro 6. Music is "Unpromised" by Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Direct Link: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100603. ISRC: USUAN1100603 © 2009 Kevin MacLeod And "Wagon Wheel" by Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Direct Link: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1500051. ISRC: USUAN1500051 © 2015 Kevin MacLeod And "Scissors" by Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Direct Link: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100781. ISRC: USUAN1100781 © 2011 Kevin MacLeod And "Trio for Piano, Cello, and Clarinet" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Direct Link: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100033. ISRC: USUAN1100033 © 2007 Kevin MacLeod All above music is Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 61926 davidegg22
Study the "Style" of the Populist Party with my latest EDU parody! New videos every Tuesday (sometimes Monday!) Follow on Twitter: http://twitter.com/MrBettsClass Instagram: http://instagram.com/MrBettsClass Tumblr: http://http://mrbettsclass.tumblr.com/ Like on FaceBook: http://facebook.com/MrBettsClass "En la Brisa" Music by Dan-O at http://DanoSongs.com Farmers, late 1800s, taken for a ride, Going broke, with middlemen and railroads on all sides, Crop prices fall, oh, and the loans took out are harder to repay, (to repay) The Farmers Alliance would preceed, though they, Would never quite achieve, they did Lead to the People's Party needed for that time, If you want direct election of Senators, And government ownership of railroads instead of these jerks, And ending the national bank system is high on your list, You would be a Populist, you would be a Populist, If you want a eight hour work day with time to relax, And think that we need a graduated income tax, And think the free coinage of silver is a can't miss, You would be a Populist, you would be a Populist, What's wrong with gold? There was so much less, the truth be told, Silver though, would allow more money in the fold, Through inflation, oh, debtors could finally pay back what they owed, Creditors won't concede, and Republicans agreed, Blamed the Sherman (Silver Purchase)Act for the depression at that time If you think taxes should go up as you earn, And Senators should not be picked by state legislatures, If you want these future Amendments before they hit, You would be a Populist, you would be a Populist, If you think Williams Jennings Bryan fights for your cause, And can't help seeing meaning in the Wizard of Oz, If ending the Gold Standard is what you insist, You would be a Populist, you would be a Populist, No "Cross of Gold!"
Views: 49840 MrBettsClass
Elkhorn, Montana Ghost Town Outside of Boulder Montana. Coordinates-- 46°16′29″N 111°56′45″W Lodes of silver, described by geologists as supergene enrichments, were initially discovered in the Elkhorn mountains by Peter Wys, a Swiss immigrant. Six years later, Anton Holter, a pioneer capitalist from Helena, Montana, began developing the mine. Over $14 million in silver was carried from the mine. In 1890, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act passed, creating a high demand for Elkhorn's silver. During this peak period, Elkhorn had 2,500 inhabitants, a school, a hotel, a church, stores, saloons, and brothels. Unlike most mining towns, Elkhorn was populated mostly by married European immigrants. In 1893 the Fraternity Hall was constructed for social gatherings, and still remains as one of the most well-preserved buildings in modern Elkhorn. In the years following, the silver boom and Elkhorn's prosperity began to lessen as the desire for silver decreased. A diphtheria epidemic also struck Elkhorn in the winter of 1888–1889, resulting in many deaths, particularly of children. Soon after, railroad service to Elkhorn was halted and only a fraction of the original inhabitants remained. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elkhorn,_Montana Music: Impact Andante by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100621 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 784 Edwin Gonzalez
Aspen is a city in and the county seat of Pitkin County, Colorado, United States. It is situated in a remote area of the Rocky Mountains' Sawatch Range and Elk Mountains, along the Roaring Fork River at an elevation just below 8,000 feet (2,400 m) above sea level on the Western Slope, 11 miles (18 km) west of the Continental Divide. As of the 2010 census, there were 6,658 permanent residents. Founded as a mining camp during the Colorado Silver Boom and named because of the abundance of aspen trees in the area, the city boomed during the 1880s, its first decade of existence. That early era ended when the Panic of 1893 led to a collapse in the silver market, and the city began a half-century known as "the quiet years" during which its population steadily declined, reaching a nadir of less than a thousand by 1930. Aspen's fortunes reversed in the mid-20th century when neighboring Aspen Mountain was developed into a ski resort, and industrialist Walter Paepcke bought many properties in the city and redeveloped them. Today it is home to three renowned institutions, two of which Paepcke helped found, that have international importance: the Aspen Music Festival and School, the Aspen Institute, and the Aspen Center for Physics. In the late 20th century, the city became a popular retreat for celebrities. Gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson worked out of a downtown hotel and ran unsuccessfully for county sheriff. Singer John Denver wrote two songs about Aspen after settling there. Both of them popularized Aspen among the countercultural youth of the 1970s as an ideal place to live, and the city continued to grow even as it gained notoriety for some of the era's hedonistic excesses as well, particularly its drug culture. Today the musicians and movie stars have been joined by corporate executives. As a result of this influx of wealth Aspen boasts the most expensive real estate prices in the United States and most middle-class residents can no longer afford to live there. It remains a popular tourist destination, with outdoor recreation in the surrounding White River National Forest serving as a summertime complement to the four ski areas in the vicinity. The city's roots are traced to the winter of 1879, when a group of miners ignored pleas by Frederick Pitkin, governor of Colorado, to return across the Continental Divide due to an uprising of the Ute Indians. Originally named Ute City, the small community was renamed Aspen in 1880, and, in its peak production years of 1891 and 1892, surpassed Leadville as the United States' most productive silver-mining district. Production expanded due to the passage of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890, which doubled the government's purchase of silver. By 1893, Aspen had banks, a hospital, two theaters, an opera house and electric lights. Economic collapse came with the Panic of 1893, when President Cleveland called a special session of Congress and repealed the act. Within weeks, many of the Aspen mines were closed and thousands of miners were put out of work. It was proposed that silver be recognized as legal tender and the People's Party (populists) adopted that as one of its main issues; Davis H. Waite, an Aspen newspaperman and agitator was elected governor of Colorado on the Democratic Ticket; but in time the movement failed. Eventually, after wage cuts, mining revived somewhat, but production declined and by the 1930 census only 705 residents remained. Remaining, however, were fine stocks of old commercial buildings and residences, along with excellent snow. Aspen's development as a ski resort first flickered in the 1930s when investors conceived of a ski area, but the project was interrupted by World War II. Friedl Pfeifer, a member of the 10th Mountain Division who had trained in the area, returned to the area and linked up with industrialist Walter Paepcke and his wife Elizabeth. The Aspen Skiing Corporation was founded in 1946 and the city quickly became a well-known resort, hosting the FIS World Championships in 1950. Paepcke also played an important role in bringing the Goethe Bicentennial Convocation to Aspen in 1949, an event held in a newly designed tent by the architect Eero Saarinen. Aspen was now on the path to becoming an internationally known ski resort and cultural center, home of the Aspen Music Festival and School. The area would continue to grow with the development of three additional ski areas, Buttermilk (1958), Aspen Highlands (1958), and Snowmass (1969). In 1977, notorious serial killer Ted Bundy, while in the Pitkin County Courthouse in Aspen for a pre-trial hearing, jumped from a second-story window and escaped. He remained free for six days, hiding out on Aspen Mountain, before he was arrested while attempting to drive a stolen car out of the city. In 1977, Aspen was thoroughly photographed for the Aspen Movie Map project funded by the U.S. Department of Defense.
Views: 1390 Pietro Pecco
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: John Sherman 00:02:25 1 Early life and education 00:05:44 2 House of Representatives 00:07:16 2.1 Kansas 00:09:15 2.2 Lecompton and financial reform 00:11:24 2.3 House leadership 00:14:52 3 Senate 00:16:04 3.1 Financing the Civil War 00:20:22 3.2 Slavery and Reconstruction 00:24:21 3.3 Post-war finances 00:27:56 3.4 Coinage Act of 1873 00:32:08 3.5 Resumption of specie payments 00:33:56 3.6 Election of 1876 00:35:48 4 Secretary of the Treasury 00:36:46 4.1 Preparing for specie resumption 00:37:42 4.2 Bland–Allison Act 00:39:57 4.3 Civil service reform 00:42:13 5 Election of 1880 00:46:05 6 Return to the Senate 00:47:26 6.1 Garfield's assassination and the Pendleton Act 00:49:38 6.2 The Mongrel Tariff 00:51:14 6.3 Chinese immigration 00:52:57 6.4 Further presidential ambitions 00:56:14 6.5 Interstate commerce 00:57:24 6.6 Sherman Antitrust Act 00:59:36 6.7 Silver Purchase Act 01:03:05 6.8 Final years in the Senate 01:04:17 7 Secretary of State 01:06:23 8 Retirement, death, and legacy Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= John Sherman (May 10, 1823 – October 22, 1900) was a politician from the U.S. state of Ohio during the American Civil War and into the late nineteenth century. A member of the Republican Party, he served in both houses of the U.S. Congress. He also served as Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of State. Sherman sought the Republican presidential nomination three times, coming closest in 1888, but was never chosen by the party. His brothers included General William Tecumseh Sherman; Charles Taylor Sherman, a federal judge in Ohio; and Hoyt Sherman, an Iowa banker. Born in Lancaster, Ohio, Sherman later moved to Mansfield, where he began a law career before entering politics. Initially a Whig, Sherman was among those anti-slavery activists who formed what became the Republican Party. He served three terms in the House of Representatives. As a member of the House, Sherman traveled to Kansas to investigate the unrest between pro- and anti-slavery partisans there. He rose in party leadership and was nearly elected Speaker in 1859. Sherman was elevated to the Senate in 1861. As a senator, he was a leader in financial matters, helping to redesign the United States' monetary system to meet the needs of a nation torn apart by civil war. After the war, he worked to produce legislation that would restore the nation's credit abroad and produce a stable, gold-backed currency at home. Serving as Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of Rutherford B. Hayes, Sherman continued his efforts for financial stability and solvency, overseeing an end to wartime inflationary measures and a return to gold-backed money. He returned to the Senate after his term expired, serving there for a further sixteen years. During that time he continued his work on financial legislation, as well as writing and debating laws on immigration, business competition law, and the regulation of interstate commerce. Sherman was the principal author of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890, which was signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison. In 1897, President William McKinley appointed him Secretary of State. Failing health and declining faculties made him unable to handle the burdens of the job, and he retired in 1898 at the start of the Spanish–American War. Sherman died at his home in Washington, D.C. in 1900.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Presidencies of Grover Cleveland 00:02:50 1 Election of 1884 00:06:11 2 First presidency (1885–1889) 00:06:23 2.1 Administration 00:06:32 2.1.1 Appointments 00:07:44 2.1.2 Marriage and children 00:08:27 2.2 Reforms and civil service 00:11:01 2.3 Interstate Commerce Act 00:12:34 2.4 Vetoes 00:14:20 2.5 Monetary policy 00:16:05 2.6 Tariffs 00:18:06 2.7 Foreign policy, 1885–1889 00:19:53 2.8 Military policy, 1885–1889 00:21:39 2.9 Civil rights and immigration 00:23:00 2.10 Indian policy 00:24:53 2.11 Judicial appointments 00:26:01 2.12 Election of 1888 00:27:59 3 Election of 1892 00:31:05 4 Second presidency (1893–1897) 00:31:17 4.1 Administration 00:31:26 4.1.1 Appointments 00:32:10 4.1.2 Cancer 00:33:13 4.2 Economic panic and the silver issue 00:36:59 4.3 Labor unrest 00:37:08 4.3.1 Coxey's Army 00:38:24 4.3.2 Pullman Strike 00:40:41 4.4 Tariff frustrations 00:43:22 4.5 Civil rights 00:44:33 4.6 1894 elections 00:46:07 4.7 Foreign policy, 1893–1897 00:50:59 4.8 Military policy, 1893–1897 00:52:09 4.9 Judicial appointments 00:53:45 4.10 Election of 1896 00:56:22 5 States admitted to the Union 00:57:37 6 Historical reputation Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The presidencies of Grover Cleveland lasted from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1889, and from March 4, 1893 to March 4, 1897. The first Democrat elected after the Civil War, Grover Cleveland is the only President of the United States to leave office after one term and later return for a second term. His presidencies were the nation's 22nd and 24th. Cleveland defeated James G. Blaine of Maine in 1884, lost to Benjamin Harrison of Indiana in 1888, and then defeated President Harrison in 1892. Cleveland won the 1884 election with the support of a reform-minded group of Republicans known as Mugwumps, and he expanded the number of government positions that were protected by the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act. He also vetoed several bills designed to provide pensions and other benefits to various regions and individuals. In response to anti-competitive practices by railroads, Cleveland signed the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, which established the first independent federal agency. During his first term, he unsuccessfully sought the repeal of the Bland–Allison Act and a lowering of the tariff. The Samoan crisis was the major foreign policy event of Cleveland's first term, and that crisis ended with a tripartite protectorate in the Samoan Islands. As his second presidency began, disaster hit the nation when the Panic of 1893 produced a severe national depression. Cleveland presided over the repeal of portions of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, striking a blow against the Free Silver movement, and also lowered tariff rates by allowing the Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act to become law . He also ordered federal soldiers to crush the Pullman Strike and promoted efforts to roll back federal civil rights protections for African-Americans. In foreign policy, Cleveland resisted the annexation of Hawaii and an American intervention in Cuba. He also sought to uphold the Monroe Doctrine and forced the British to agree to arbitrate a border dispute with Venezuela. In the midterm elections of 1894, Cleveland's Democratic Party suffered a massive defeat that opened the way for the agrarian and silverite seizure of the Democratic Party. The 1896 Democratic National Convention repudiated Cleveland and nominated silverite William Jennings Bryan, but Bryan was defeated by Republican William McKinley in the 1896 presidential election. Cleveland left office extremely unpopular, but his reputation was quickly rehabilitated by scholars like Allan Nevins. More recent historians and biographers have taken a more ambivalent view of Cleveland, but many note Cleveland's role in re-asserting the power of the presidency. In rankings of American presidents by historians and political scientists, Cleveland is generally ranked as an average president.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts